SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Bauchau V, Durham SR. Prevalence and rate of diagnosis of allergic rhinitis in Europe. Eur Respir J 2004;24:758764.
  • 2
    Asher MI, Montefort S, Bjorksten B, Lai CK, Strachan DP, Weiland SK et al. Worldwide time trends in the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema in childhood: ISAAC Phases One and Three repeat multicountry cross-sectional surveys. Lancet 2006;368:733743.
  • 3
    Todo-Bom A, Loureiro C, Almeida MM, Nunes C, Delgado L, Castel-Branco G et al. Epidemiology of rhinitis in Portugal: evaluation of the intermittent and the persistent types. Allergy 2007;62:10381043.
  • 4
    Bousquet J, Khaltaev N, Cruz AA, Denburg J, Fokkens WJ, Togias A et al. Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) 2008 update (in collaboration with the World Health Organization, GA(2)LEN and AllerGen). Allergy 2008;63(Suppl 86):8160.
  • 5
    Weir E. The burden of rhinitis: nothing to sniff at. CMAJ 2003;169:694.
  • 6
    Slavin RG. Allergic rhinitis: managing the adult spectrum. Allergy Asthma Proc 2006;27:911.
  • 7
    Edelstein DR. Aging of the normal nose in adults. Laryngoscope 1996;106:125.
  • 8
    Vignola AM, Scichilone N, Bousquet J, Bonsignore G, Bellia V. Aging and asthma: pathophysiological mechanisms. Allergy 2003;58:165175.
  • 9
    Huss K, Naumann PL, Mason PJ, Nanda JP, Huss RW, Smith CM et al. Asthma severity, atopic status, allergen exposure and quality of life in elderly persons. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2001;86:524530.
  • 10
    Bellanti JA, Azem M, MacDowell-Carneiro AL, Tutuncuoglu SO, Wallerstedt DB. Possible mechanisms of late-life-onset allergic diseases and asthma in the senior citizen. Allergy Asthma Proc 2000;21:267270.
  • 11
    Jarvis D, Newson R, Lotvall J, Hastan D, Tomassen P, Keil T et al. Asthma in adults and its association with chronic rhinosinusitis: the GA2LEN survey in Europe. Allergy 2012;67:9198.
  • 12
    Becerril Angeles M, Vazquez Merino CL, Angeles Garay U, Alvarado Moctezuma LE, Vilchis Guizar E. [Prevalence of allergic diseases in the elderly]. Rev Alerg Mex 2008;55:8591.
  • 13
    Bousquet J, Schunemann HJ, Samolinski B, Demoly P, Baena-Cagnani CE, Bachert C et al. Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA): achievements in 10 years and future needs. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2012;130:10491062.
  • 14
    Instituto Nacional de Estatística. Censos 2001: Resultados definitivos. XIV Recenseamento geral da População. Lisbon: INE, 2002.
  • 15
    The European Community Respiratory Health Survey II Steering Committee. The European Community Respiratory Health Survey II. Eur Respir J 2002;20:10711079.
  • 16
    Bousquet PJ, Combescure C, Neukirch F, Klossek JM, Mechin H, Daures JP et al. Visual analog scales can assess the severity of rhinitis graded according to ARIA guidelines. Allergy 2007;62:367372.
  • 17
    Ventura MT, D'Amato A, Giannini M, Carretta A, Tummolo RA, Buquicchio R. Incidence of allergic diseases in an elderly population. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2010;32:165170.
  • 18
    Eriksson J, Ekerljung L, Pullerits T, Holmberg K, Ronmark E, Lotvall J et al. Prevalence of chronic nasal symptoms in West Sweden: risk factors and relation to self-reported allergic rhinitis and lower respiratory symptoms. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2011;154:155163.
  • 19
    Konno S, Hizawa N, Fukutomi Y, Taniguchi M, Kawagishi Y, Okada C et al. The prevalence of rhinitis and its association with smoking and obesity in a nationwide survey of Japanese adults. Allergy 2012;67:653660.
  • 20
    Sichletidis L, Tsiotsios I, Gavriilidis A, Chloros D, Kottakis I, Daskalopoulou E et al. Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and rhinitis in northern Greece. Respiration 2005;72:270277.
  • 21
    Sa-Sousa A, Morais-Almeida M, Azevedo LF, Carvalho R, Jacinto T, Todo-Bom A et al. Prevalence of asthma in Portugal – The Portuguese National Asthma Survey. Clin Transl Allergy 2012;2:15.
  • 22
    Ventura MT, Gelardi M, D'Amato A, Buquicchio R, Tummolo R, Misciagna G et al. Clinical and cytologic characteristics of allergic rhinitis in elderly patients. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2012;108:141144.
  • 23
    Garcia GJ, Bailie N, Martins DA, Kimbell JS. Atrophic rhinitis: a CFD study of air conditioning in the nasal cavity. J Appl Physiol 2007;103:10821092.
  • 24
    Pinto JM, Jeswani S. Rhinitis in the geriatric population. Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol 2010;6:10.
  • 25
    Simola M, Holopainene E, Malmberg H. Changes in skin and nasal sensitivity to allergens and the course of rhinitis; a long-term follow-up study. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1999;82:152156.
  • 26
    Karakaya G, Kalyoncu AF. The natural course of atopy determined by skin prick tests in patients with bronchial asthma and/or rhinitis. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2006;34:257262.
  • 27
    Caeiro E, Brandão R, Carmo S, Lopes L, Morais-Almeida M, Gaspar A et al. The Portuguese Aerobiology Network: airborne pollen results (2002–2006). Rev Port Imunoalergologia 2007;15:235250.
  • 28
    Nicolaou N, Siddique N, Custovic A. Allergic disease in urban and rural populations: increasing prevalence with increasing urbanization. Allergy 2005;60:13571360.
  • 29
    Charpin D, Sibbald B, Weeke E, Wuthrich B. Epidemiologic identification of allergic rhinitis. Allergy 1996;51:293298.
  • 30
    von Mutius E, Martinez FD, Fritzsch C, Nicolai T, Roell G, Thiemann HH. Prevalence of asthma and atopy in two areas of West and East Germany. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994;149:358364.
  • 31
    Eriksson J, Bjerg A, Lotvall J, Wennergren G, Ronmark E, Toren K et al. Rhinitis phenotypes correlate with different symptom presentation and risk factor patterns of asthma. Respir Med 2011;105:16111621.
  • 32
    Shaaban R, Zureik M, Soussan D, Neukirch C, Heinrich J, Sunyer J et al. Rhinitis and onset of asthma: a longitudinal population-based study. Lancet 2008;372:10491057.
  • 33
    Passalacqua G, Ciprandi G, Canonica GW. The nose-lung interaction in allergic rhinitis and asthma: united airways disease. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;1:713.