Presented in part at Euroanaesthesia, Helsinki, Finland, June 2010.
Comparison of peri-operative core temperature in obese and non-obese patients*
Article first published online: 22 OCT 2012
Anaesthesia © 2012 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland
Volume 67, Issue 12, pages 1364–1369, December 2012
How to Cite
Fernandes, L. A., Braz, L. G., Koga, F. A., Kakuda, C. M., Módolo, N. S. P., de Carvalho, L. R., Vianna, P. T. G. and Braz, J. R. C. (2012), Comparison of peri-operative core temperature in obese and non-obese patients. Anaesthesia, 67: 1364–1369. doi: 10.1111/anae.12002.x
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- Issue published online: 7 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 22 OCT 2012
- Accepted: 21 August 2012
Our aim was to compare peri-operative core temperatures and the incidence of hypothermia in obese and non-obese women with active forced-air warming. Twenty female patients scheduled for abdominal surgery were allocated to two groups according to body mass index. Ten obese (30.0–34.9 kg.m−2) and 10 non-obese (18.5–24.9 kg.m−2) women received forced-air warming on their lower limbs. At the end of surgery, the mean (SD) core temperatures were 36.7 (0.5) °C in the obese group and 36.0 (0.6) °C in the non-obese group (p < 0.001). Only in the non-obese group was there a significant decrease in the intra-operative core temperature values (p < 0.001). The incidences of intra-operative hypothermia were lower in the obese group (10%) compared with non-obese group (60%; p = 0.019). In the postoperative recovery phase, the mean (SD) core temperature data were higher in the obese group than in the non-obese group (36.2 (0.4) vs 35.6 (0.5) °C, respectively (p < 0.001)). In conclusion, obese female patients have higher peri-operative core temperature and a lower incidence of hypothermia compared with non-obese female patients during abdominal surgery with active forced-air warming.