SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Ekman A, Lindholm ML, Lennmarken C, Sandin R. Reduction in the Incidence of Awareness Using BIS Monitoring. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2004; 48: 206.
  • 2
    Myles PS, Leslie K, McNeil J, Forbes A, Chan MTV, for the B-Aware trial group. Bispectral index monitoring to prevent awareness during anaesthesia: the B-Aware randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2004; 363: 175763.
  • 3
    Avidan MS, Zhang L, Burnside BA, et al. Anesthesia awareness and the bispectral index. New England Journal of Medicine 2008; 358: 1097108.
  • 4
    Avidan MS, Jacobsohn E, Glick D, et al. Prevention of intraoperative awareness in a high-risk surgical population. New England Journal of Medicine 2011; 365: 591600.
  • 5
    Mashour GA, Shanks A, Tremper KK, et al. Prevention of intraoperative awareness with explicit recall in an unselected surgical population. A randomized comparative effectiveness trial. Anesthesiology 2012; 117: 71725.
  • 6
    National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Depth of anaesthesia monitors – Bispectral Index (BIS), E-Entropy and Narcotrend-Compact M. NICE diagnostics guidance 6; November 2012. http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/live/13965/61547/61547.pdf (accessed 06/06/2013).
  • 7
    Punjasawadwong Y, Phongchiewboon A, Bunchungmongkol N. Bispectral index for improving anaesthetic delivery and postoperative recovery. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007; 4: CD003843.
  • 8
    Sneyd JR. Editorial. How low can we go? British Journal of Anaesthesia 2003; 91: 7712.
  • 9
    Whitlock EL, Villafranca AJ, Lin N, et al. Relationship between bispectral index values and volatile anesthetic concentrations during the maintenance phase of anesthesia in the B-Unaware trial. Anesthesiology 2011; 115: 120918.
  • 10
    Russell IF. Comparison of wakefulness with two anaesthetic regimens. Total i.v. v. balanced anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1986; 58: 9658.
  • 11
    Russell IF. Midazolam-alfentanil: an anaesthetic? An investigation using the isolated forearm technique. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1993; 70: 426.
  • 12
    Russell IF, Wang M. Absence of memory for intra-operative information during surgery with total intravenous anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2001; 86: 196202.
  • 13
    Russell IF. The Narcotrend ‘depth of anaesthesia’ monitor cannot reliably detect consciousness during general anaesthesia: an investigation using the isolated forearm technique. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2006; 96: 34652.
  • 14
    Tunstall ME. Detecting wakefulness During general anaesthesia for caesarean section. British Medical Journal 1977; 1: 1321.
  • 15
    Wang M. Implicit memory, anaesthesia and sedation. In: Davies GW, Wright DB, eds. Current Issues in Applied Memory Research. London: Psychology Press, 2010: 16584.
  • 16
    Wang M, Deeprose C, Andrade J, Russell IF. Psychology in the operating theatre. The Psychologist 2013; 26: 498501.
  • 17
    Palanca BJA, Mashour GA, Avidan MS. Processed electroencephalogram in depth of anesthesia monitoring. Current Opinion in Anesthesiology 2009; 5: 5539.
  • 18
    Sanders RD, Tononi G, Laureys S, Sleigh J. Unresponsiveness ≠ unconsciousness. Anesthesiology 2012; 116: 94659.
  • 19
    Wang M, Messina AG, Russell IF. The topography of awareness: a classification of intra-operative cognitive states. Anaesthesia 2012; 67: 1197201.
  • 20
    Russell IF. The ability of bispectral index to detect intra-operative wakefulness during total intravenous anaesthesia, as compared with Isolated Forearm Technique. Anaesthesia 2013; 68: 50211.
  • 21
    Sleigh J. The place of the isolated forearm technique in modern anaesthesia: yet to be defined. Anaesthesia 2013; 68: 6813.
  • 22
    Russell IF. Fourteen fallacies about the isolated forearm technique, and its place in modern anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 2013; 68: 67781.
  • 23
    Schneider TW, Minto CF, Gambus PL. The influence of method of administration and the covariates on the pharmacokinetics of propofol in adult volunteers. Anesthesiology 1998; 88: 117082.
  • 24
    Kelly SD. Monitoring consciousness using the Bispectral Index during anesthesia. A Pocket Guide for Clinicians. Covidien. http://www.biseducation.com/uploadedfiles/assets/0000000012.pdf (accessed 06/06/2013).
  • 25
    Guignard B, Coste C, Menigaux C, Chauvin M. Reduced isoflurane consumption with bispectral index monitoring. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2001; 45: 30814.
  • 26
    Wong J, Song D, Blanshard H, Grady D, Chung F. Titration of isoflurane using BIS index improves early recovery of elderly patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia 2002; 49: 138.
  • 27
    Pandit JJ, Cook TM, Jonker WR, O'Sullivan E. A national survey of anaesthetists (NAP5 Baseline) to estimate an annual incidence of accidental awareness during general anaesthesia in the UK. Anaesthesia 2013; 68: 34353.
  • 28
    Schneider G, Wagner K, Reeker W, Hänel F, Werner C, Kochs E. Bispectral Index (BIS) may not predict awareness reaction to intubation in surgical patients. Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology 2002; 14: 711.
  • 29
    Schneider G, Gelb AW, Schmeller B, Tschakert R, Kochs E. Detection of awareness in surgical patients with EEG-based indices–bispectral index and patient state index. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2003; 91: 32935.
  • 30
    Goto T, Nakata Y, Saito H, et al. Bispectral analysis of the electroencephalogram does not predict responsiveness to verbal command in patients emerging from xenon anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2000; 85: 35963.
  • 31
    Morimoto Y, Hagihira S, Koizumi Y, Ishida K, Matsumoto M, Sakabe T. The relationship between Bispectral Index and Electroencephalographic parameters during isoflurane anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2004; 98: 133640.
  • 32
    Detsch O, Schneider G, Kochs E, Hapfelmeier G, Werner C. Increasing isoflurane concentration may cause paradoxical increases in the EEG bispectral index in surgical patients. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2000; 84: 337.
  • 33
    Kurehara K, Takahashi M, Kitaguchi K, Furuya H. The relationship between end-tidal isoflurane concentration and electroencephalographic bispectral index during isoflurane/epidural anesthesia. Masui 2002; 51: 6427.
  • 34
    Schnider TW, Luginbuhl M, Petersen-Felix S, Mathis J. Unreasonably low Bispectral Index values in a volunteer with genetically determined low-voltage electroencephalographic signal. Anesthesiology 1998; 89: 16078.
  • 35
    Arnake A, Mashour GA, Avidan MS. Minimum alveolar concentration: ongoing relevance and clinical utility. Anaesthesia 2013; 68: 51222.
  • 36
    Renna M, Wigmore T, Mofeez A, Gillbe C. Biasing effect of the electromyogram on BIS: a controlled study during high-dose fentanyl induction. Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 2002; 17: 37781.
  • 37
    Zhang X, Cheng H, Xiong W, Wang B. Comparison of the ability of wavelet index and bispectral index for reflecting regain of consciousness in patients undergone surgery. Chinese Medical Journal (Engl) 2010; 123: 15203.
  • 38
    Pandit JJ, Cook TM. National Institute for Clinical Excellence guidance on measuring depth of anaesthesia: limitations of EEG-based technology. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2013; 110: 3258.
  • 39
    Changeux J-PG. Conscious processing: implications for general anesthesia. Current Opinion in Anesthesiology 2012; 25: 397404.
  • 40
    Grocott HP. Monitoring the brain in cardiac surgery – an evolving area for research. Anaesthesia 2012; 67: 2169.
  • 41
    Sandin RH, Enlund G, Samuelsson P, Lennmarken C. Awareness during anaesthesia: a prospective case study. Lancet 2000; 355: 70711.
  • 42
    Russell IF, Wang M. Absence of memory for intraoperative information during surgery under adequate general anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1997; 78: 39.