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Cortico-juxtacortical involvement increases risk of epileptic seizures in multiple sclerosis

Authors


Martínez-Lapiscina EH, Neurology, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Irunlarrea Street 3, 31008 Pamplona, Spain

Tel.: 0034 948102100

Fax: 0034 948102303

e-mail: elenahmlapiscina@gmail.com

Abstract

Objectives

Previous studies have reported an increased risk for epileptic seizures in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, data on the pathogenesis of seizures remain inconclusive. The aim of our study is to evaluate prevalence, clinical and paraclinical features of epileptic attacks in our MS cohort and to search MS-specific risk factors for epileptic seizures.

Materials and methods

In this cohort of 428 MS patients, 13 patients were identified with epileptic seizures occurring at any point during the course of MS including at MS onset. As a control group, we selected 26 MS patients without seizures and matched for gender, age and date of MS onset. We compared demographic features and clinic-radiological findings between the both groups.

Results

Thirteen patients (3%) were identified as having epileptic attacks. Ten patients (77%) experienced focal seizures, half of whom had confirmed secondary generalization. We did not find an association between seizures and disease course. Most patients had a single or few (2–5) seizures. MS patients with seizures had a significantly higher number of cortical and juxtacortical lesions on T2-weighted/fluid attenuation inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging than control group [OR = 2.6 CI95% (1.0–6.5); P = 0.047].

Conclusions

Our findings support a credible role of cortical and juxtacortical involvement in the development of epileptic seizures in MS.

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