Amitriptyline vs divalproate in migraine prophylaxis: a randomized controlled trial
Article first published online: 13 FEB 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Volume 128, Issue 1, pages 65–72, July 2013
How to Cite
Amitriptyline vs divalproate in migraine prophylaxis: a randomized controlled trial. Acta Neurol Scand 2013: 128: 65–72. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S., , .
- Issue published online: 13 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 13 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 DEC 2012
- sodium valproate;
- tricyclic antidepressant;
- randomized controlled trial ;
This study compares efficacy and safety of divalproate extended release (DVA-ER) and amitriptyline (AMT) in migraine.
Materials and methods
Three hundred migraineurs having >4 attacks monthly were randomized into DVA-ER or AMT. The primary end points were >50% reduction in frequency, ≥1 grade improvement in the severity, and >50% improvement in a visual analogue scale (VAS). Secondary end points were functional disability, rescue medication, and adverse events.
The median age was 32 years, and 241 were women. 150 patients each received DVA-ER and AMT. At 3 months, 74.7% in DVA-ER and 62% patients in AMT group improved in headache frequency (P = 0.02) and at 6 months, 65.3% and 54%, respectively (P = 0.90). At 3 months, the VAS score improved by >50% in 80.7% in DVA-ER and 64% in AMT (P = 0.005). At 6 months, there was no significant difference between the two groups in VAS score (69.3% vs 56%; P = 0.47) and other outcome parameters. The composite side effects were also not different between the two groups (68% vs 81%); however, hair fall, menstrual irregularity, polycystic ovary, and weight gain were commoner in DVA-ER group.
Divalproate extended release is more effective at 3 months than AMT; however, at 6 months, both are equally effective in migraine prophylaxis.