• 1
    Jin YP, Di Legge S, Ostbye T, Feightner JW, Hachinski V. The reciprocal risks of stroke and cognitive impairment in an elderly population. Alzheimer's and Dementia 2006;2:1718.
  • 2
    Patel MD, Coshall C, Rudd AG, Wolfe CD. Cognitive impairment after stroke: clinical determinants and its associations with long-term stroke outcomes. J Am Geriatr Soc 2002;50:7006.
  • 3
    Pasquini M, Leys D, Rousseaux M, Pasquier F, Henon H. Influence of cognitive impairment on the institutionalisation rate 3 years after a stroke. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2007;78:569.
  • 4
    Claesson L, Linden T, Skoog I, Blomstrand C. Cognitive impairment after stroke - impact on activities of daily living and costs of care for elderly people. The Goteborg 70 +  Stroke Study. Cerebrovasc Dis 2005;19:1029.
  • 5
    Ciolli L, Poggesi A, Salvadori E et al. The VAS-COG clinic: an out-patient service for patients with cognitive and behavioral consequences of cerebrovascular diseases. Neurol Sci 2012;19:19.
  • 6
    Jaillard A, Naegele B, Trabucco-Miguel S, LeBas JF, Hommel M. Hidden dysfunctioning in subacute stroke. Stroke 2009;40:24739.
  • 7
    Hochstenbach JB, Anderson PG, van Limbeek J, Mulder TT. Is there a relation between neuropsychologic variables and quality of life after stroke? Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001;82:13606.
  • 8
    Anderson CA, Arciniegas DB, Filley CM. Treatment of acute ischemic stroke: does it impact neuropsychiatric outcome? J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 2005;17:4868.
  • 9
    Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. “Mini-mental state”. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatr Res 1975 Nov;12:18998.
  • 10
    Blake H, McKinney M, Treece K, Lee E, Lincoln NB. An evaluation of screening measures for cognitive impairment after stroke. Age Ageing 2002;31:4516.
  • 11
    Nys GM, van Zandvoort MJ, de Kort PL, Jansen BP, Kappelle LJ, de Haan EH. Restrictions of the Mini-Mental State Examination in acute stroke. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2005;20:6239.
  • 12
    Srikanth V, Thrift AG, Fryer JL et al. The validity of brief screening cognitive instruments in the diagnosis of cognitive impairment and dementia after first-ever stroke. Int Psychogeriatr 2006;18:295305.
  • 13
    Hachinski V, Iadecola C, Petersen RC et al. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Canadian Stroke Network vascular cognitive impairment harmonization standards.[see comment][erratum appears in Stroke. 2007 Mar; 38(3):1118 Note: Wallin, Anders [added]]. Stroke 2006;37:222041.
  • 14
    Nasreddine ZS, Phillips NA, Bedirian V et al. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment, MoCA: a brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment. J Am Geriatr Soc 2005;53:6959.
  • 15
    Dong Y, Sharma VK, Chan BP et al. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is superior to the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) for the detection of vascular cognitive impairment after acute stroke. J Neurol Sci 2010;299:158.
  • 16
    Pendlebury ST, Cuthbertson FC, Welch SJV, Mehta Z, Rothwell PM. Underestimation of cognitive impairment by mini-mental state examination versus the montreal cognitive assessment in patients with transient ischemic attack and stroke: a population-based study. Stroke 2010 Jun;41:12903.
  • 17
    Toglia J, Fitzgerald KA, O'Dell MW, Mastrogiovanni AR, Lin CD. The Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment in persons with mild subacute stroke: relationship to functional outcome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011;92:7928.
  • 18
    Godefroy O, Fickl A, Roussel M et al. Is the Montreal Cognitive Assessment superior to the Mini-Mental State Examination to detect poststroke cognitive impairment? A study with neuropsychological evaluation. Stroke, 2011;42:17126.
  • 19
    Pendlebury ST, Mariz J, Bull L, Mehta Z, Rothwell PM. MoCA, ACE-R, and MMSE Versus the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke–Canadian Stroke Network Vascular Cognitive Impairment Harmonization Standards Neuropsychological Battery After TIA and stroke. Stroke, 2012;43:4649.
  • 20
    Zigmond AS, Snaith RP. The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1983;67:36170.
  • 21
    Srikanth VK, Quinn SJ, Donnan GA, Saling MM, Thrift AG. Long-term cognitive transitions, rates of cognitive change, and predictors of incident dementia in a population-based first-ever stroke cohort. Stroke 2006;37:247983.
  • 22
    Wilson B, Cockburn J, Halligan P. Behavioural inattention test. Titchfield, England: Thames Valley Test Company, 1987.
  • 23
    Gorelick PB, Scuteri A, Black SE et al. Vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American heart association/American stroke association. Stroke 2011;42:2672713.
  • 24
    Walter SD, Eliasziw M, Donner A. Sample size and optimal designs for reliability studies. Stat Med 1998;17:10110.
  • 25
    Cumming TB, Bernhardt J, Linden T. The MoCA: short cognitive assessment in a large stroke trial. Stroke 2011;42:26424.
  • 26
    Rossetti HC, Lacritz LH, Cullum CM, Weiner MF. Normative data for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in a population-based sample. Neurology 2011;77:12725.
  • 27
    Kauhanen M, Korpelainen JT, Hiltunen P et al. Poststroke depression correlates with cognitive impairment and neurological deficits. Stroke 1999;30:187580.
  • 28
    Spalletta G, Guida G, De Angelis D, Caltagirone C. Predictors of cognitive level and depression severity are different in patients with left and right hemispheric stroke within the first year of illness. J Neurol 2002;249:154151.
  • 29
    Crum RM, Anthony JC, Bassett SS, Folstein MF. Population-based norms for the Mini-Mental State Examination by age and educational level. JAMA 1993;269:238691.