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Plasma copeptin and long-term outcomes in acute ischemic stroke

Authors


Abstract

Objective

The identification of patients at highest risk for adverse outcome who are presenting with acute ischemic stroke to the emergency department remains a challenge. This study firstly investigates the long-term prognostic value of the stress marker copeptin in Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Methods

In a prospective study, copeptin levels were measured using a new sandwich immunoassay on admission in plasma of 245 consecutive patients with an acute ischemic stroke. The prognostic value of copeptin to predict the functional outcome and mortality within one year was compared with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score and with other known outcome predictors.

Results

Patients with an unfavorable outcomes and non-survivors had significantly increased copeptin levels on admission (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis adjusted for common risk factors showed that copeptin was an independent predictor of functional outcome (hazard ratio = 3.88; 95% CI: 1.94–7.77) and non-survivors (hazard ratio = 5.99; 95% CI: 2.55–14.07). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of copeptin was 0.75 (95% CI, 0.70–0.82) for functional outcome and 0.867 (95% CI, 0.802–0.933) for mortality.

Conclusions

Copeptin levels are a novel and complementary biomarker to predict functional outcome and mortality 1 year after acute ischemic stroke.

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