A survey of the management of paediatric minor head injury
Article first published online: 13 JUN 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Volume 129, Issue 3, pages 168–172, March 2014
How to Cite
A survey of the management of paediatric minor head injury. Acta Neurol Scand: 2014: 129: 168–172. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd., , .
- Issue published online: 28 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 13 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAY 2013
- clinical decision rules;
- minor head injury
To investigate present established routines and standards in managing minor head-injured children in Danish hospitals, a survey of present management practice was conducted.
Materials and Methods
A cross-sectional mail survey, detailing clinical and radiological examinations, in-hospital observation, discharge criteria and follow-up, was performed on all 46 hospitals treating children with minor head injury in Denmark.
Of the 46 hospitals, 33% report having established written criteria for the referral and management of children with minor head injury. Ten (22%) of the 46 hospitals are so-called injury clinics, where only nurses are employed. All state that they use the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and/or the paediatric GCS to assess the level of consciousness; 15% use the paediatric GCS exclusively. None perform routine radiological examinations. Criteria for early discharge are established in 98% of the hospitals. All hospitals provide written instructions for observations at home before discharge.
The management of children with minor head injury varies between hospitals in Denmark. Local management guidelines are either lacking or mainly based on those of adults. Hence, there is a need for the development of minor head injury guidelines specifically designed for the management of children.