Transurethral prostate resection for urinary retention: does age affect outcome?
- G. Losco MBChB; S. Mark MBChB, FRACS; S. Jowitt.
- This paper is based on a previous communication to the New Zealand Section Meeting of the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand, Nelson, New Zealand, 11–12 November 2010.
Dr Giovanni Losco, Department of Urology, Christchurch Hospital, Private Bag 4710, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand. Email: email@example.com
Patients presenting in urinary retention secondary to prostatic obstruction are offered transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) to free them from long-term catheterization. Short-term success is well understood, but there is scarce data about effect of age on outcome, quality of life and catheter-free rates.
One hundred consecutive patients who presented in urinary retention and underwent TURP were identified. Patients were followed up for 3 years to establish the rate of catheter dependence, incontinence, pad usage and quality of life using the International Prostate Symptom Score.
Data were obtained from 95 patients with mean age of 75.6 years and mean follow-up of 704 days. A total of 14 had died and 23 had prostate cancer. Eighty-seven per cent was passing urine and 13% was catheter dependent. Mean age of catheter-dependent patients was 84.9 years compared with 74.3 years in catheter-free men (P < 0.0001). Twenty-four per cent of patients 80 years and older were catheter dependent (P = 0.0039), 22% with prostate cancer were catheter dependent (P = 0.15). Fifty per cent of those who had died were catheter dependent (P = 0.0002). Thirty-one per cent of patients reported leakage of urine but only 5% reported leakage requiring pad use. Overall, the mean quality of life score was 1.08.
Outcome after TURP for urinary retention is satisfactory. Advanced age is associated with higher long-term failure requiring catheterization, although it is still recommended in the elderly where an anaesthetic is safe. A high proportion of patients report urine leakage but the majority of this is clinically insignificant. Overall, patients report good quality of life.