Spaces of Uneven Development and Class Struggle in Bolivia: Transformation or Trasformismo?
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2014
© 2013 The Authors. Antipode © 2013 Antipode Foundation Ltd.
Volume 46, Issue 1, pages 149–169, January 2014
How to Cite
Hesketh, C. and Morton, A. D. (2014), Spaces of Uneven Development and Class Struggle in Bolivia: Transformation or Trasformismo?. Antipode, 46: 149–169. doi: 10.1111/anti.12038
- Issue published online: 6 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 3 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 6 FEB 2013
- passive revolution;
- uneven and combined development;
- state space;
This article engages with the politics of class struggle and state formation in modern Bolivia. It examines how current forms of political contestation are shaped by the legacy of the Revolution of 1952 and the subsequent path of development. In so doing, we therefore explore spaces of uneven and combined development in relation to ongoing transformations in Bolivia linked to emergent class strategies of passive revolution, meaning processes of historical development marked by the overall exclusion of subaltern classes. With this in mind we argue that state formation in Bolivia can be read as part of the history of passive revolution in Latin America within the spatial conditions of uneven and combined development shaping the geopolitics of the region. However, the expansion of passive revolution as a mode of historical development has been and continues to be rigorously contested by subaltern forces creating further spaces of class struggle.