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The potential of pet-grade poultry by-product meal to replace fish meal in the diet of the juvenile spotted rose snapper Lutjanus guttatus (Steindachner, 1869)

Authors

  • C. Hernández,

    Corresponding author
    1. Food Research and Development Center A.C., Mazatlán Unit (Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Unidad Mazatlán), Mazatlán, Mexico
    • Correspondence: C. Hernández, Av. Sábalo-Cerritos S/N, A.P. 711, 82010 Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Mexico. E-mail: chernandez@ciad.mx

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  • Y. Sanchez-Gutierrez,

    1. Food Research and Development Center A.C., Mazatlán Unit (Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Unidad Mazatlán), Mazatlán, Mexico
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  • R. W. Hardy,

    1. Hagerman Fish Culture Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Hagerman, ID, USA
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  • A. Benitez-Hernández,

    1. Food Research and Development Center A.C., Mazatlán Unit (Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Unidad Mazatlán), Mazatlán, Mexico
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  • P. Domínguez-Jimenez,

    1. Food Research and Development Center A.C., Mazatlán Unit (Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Unidad Mazatlán), Mazatlán, Mexico
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  • B. González-Rodríguez,

    1. Food Research and Development Center A.C., Mazatlán Unit (Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Unidad Mazatlán), Mazatlán, Mexico
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  • L. Osuna-Osuna,

    1. Food Research and Development Center A.C., Mazatlán Unit (Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Unidad Mazatlán), Mazatlán, Mexico
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  • O. Tortoledo

    1. Food Research and Development Center A.C., Hermosillo Unit, Hermosillo, Mexico
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Abstract

A 12-week feeding trial was conducted to examine the replacement of fish meal with pet-grade poultry by-product meal (PBM-PG) in the spotted rose snapper Lutjanus guttatus diet. Five experimental diets were formulated to contain graded levels of PBM-PG at proportion of 250, 500, 75 or 900 g kg−1. The control diet contained sardine fish meal as the main protein source. Four groups of 15 randomly assigned L. guttatus juveniles were fed to satiation 3 times day−1. Except for the fish fed the PBM-PG90 diet, the growth performance, survival and feed utilization efficiency of the experimental fish were not significantly lower than those of the control fish. The dietary level of PBM-PG did significantly affect the haematological characteristics (< 0.05). The dietary dry matter and protein apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs) decreased with increasing dietary PBM-PG. High values for lipid ADCs were observed in all diets, with significant differences among the dietary treatments. The fish whole-body protein, moisture, lipid and ash contents were not affected by the inclusion of dietary PBM. These results indicate that high-quality terrestrial PBM can successfully replace more than half of the marine fish meal protein in the L. guttatus diet.

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