Fetal aortic isthmus Doppler measurements for prediction of perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with fetal growth restriction

Authors


  • The authors have stated explicitly that there are no conflicts of interest in connection with this article The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.

Correspondence

Ahmet Özgür Yeniel, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Bornova, TR-35100 Izmir, Turkey. E-mail: drayeniel@hotmail.com

Abstract

Objective

To identify the role of longitudinal measurements of fetal aortic isthmus blood flow using Doppler ultrasonography in the prediction of perinatal morbidity and mortality.

Setting

Obstetrics department of a university hospital.

Population and design

This prospective study includes women with fetal growth restriction and abnormal umbilical artery Doppler results, seen between November 2009 and January 2011.

Methods

31 women were divided into two groups according to the aortic isthmus blood flow pattern just before birth: anterograde (= 12) or retrograde (= 19).

Main outcome measure

Longitudinal measurements of fetal aortic isthmus in relation to perinatal outcome.

Results

Total morbidity and mortality rates were significantly higher in the retrograde flow group. There was no statistically significant difference for respiratory distress syndrome, intraventricular hemorrhage, bronchopulmonary dysplasia or necrotizing enterocolitis, but the neonatal sepsis rate was significantly higher in the retrograde flow group. An abnormal aortic isthmus flow pattern was detected approximately 15–20 days after umbilical artery and middle cerebral artery Doppler flow abnormalities and 3–7 days before deterioration in ductus venosus blood flow.

Conclusion

We suggest that aortic isthmus Doppler measurements are useful for identifying fetal growth restriction before deterioration in ductus venosus blood flow and fetal acidosis.

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