SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Neilson JP. Fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) for fetal monitoring during labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(4):CD000116.
  • 2
    Becker JH, Bax L, Amer-Wåhlin I, Ojala K, Vayssière C, Westerhuis MEMH, et al. ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram in intrapartum fetal monitoring. A meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 2012;119:14554.
  • 3
    Potti S, Berghella V. ST waveform analysis versus cardiotocography alone for intrapartum monitoring: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Am J Perinatol. 2012;29:65764.
  • 4
    Salmelin A, Wiklund I, Bottinga R, Brorsson B, Ekman-Ordeberg G, Eneroth Grimfors E, et al. Fetal monitoring with computerized ST analysis during labor: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2013;92:2839.
  • 5
    Schuit E, Amer-Wåhlin I, Ojala K, Vayssière C, Westerhuis MEMH, Maršál K, et al. Effectiveness of electronic fetal monitoring with additional ST analysis in vertex singleton pregnancies beyond 36 weeks of gestation: an individual participant data meta-analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013;208:187. e1–13.
  • 6
    Olofsson P, Ayres-de-Campos D, Kessler J, Tendal B, Yli BM, Devoe L. A critical appraisal of the evidence for using cardiotocography plus ECG ST interval analysis for fetal surveillance in labor. Part I: the randomized controlled trials. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2014;93:55669.
  • 7
    Westgate J, Harris M, Curnow JSH, Greene KR. Plymouth randomized trial of cardiotocogram only versus ST waveform plus cardiotocogram for intrapartum monitoring in 2400 cases. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993;169:115160.
  • 8
    Amer-Wåhlin I, Hellsten C, Norén H, Hagberg H, Herbst A, Kjellmer I, et al. Cardiotocography only versus cardiotocography plus ST analysis of fetal electrocardiogram for intrapartum fetal monitoring: a Swedish randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2001;358:5348.
  • 9
    Ojala K, Vääräsmäki M, Mäkikallio K, Valkama M, Tekaya A. A comparison of intrapartum automated fetal electrocardiography and conventional cardiotocography – a randomised controlled study. BJOG. 2006;113:41923.
  • 10
    Vayssière C, David E, Meyer N, Haberstich R, Sebahoun V, Roth E, et al. A French randomized controlled trial of ST-segment analysis in a population with abnormal cardiotocograms during labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007;197:299.e16.
  • 11
    Westerhuis MEMH, Visser GHA, Moons KGM, van Beek E, Benders MJ, Bijvoet SM, et al. Cardiotocography plus ST analysis of fetal electrocardiogram compared with cardiotocography only for intrapartum monitoring. A randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2010;115:117380.
  • 12
    Amer-Wåhlin I, Kjellmer I, Marsál K, Olofsson P, Rosén KG. Swedish randomized controlled trial of cardiotocography only versus cardiotocography plus ST analysis of fetal electrocardiogram revisited: analysis of data according to standard versus modified intention-to-treat principle. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2011;90:9906.
  • 13
    Westerhuis MEMH, Visser GHA, Moons KGM, Zuithoff NPA, Mol BWJ, Kwee A. Letter to the editor. Cardiotocography plus ST analysis of fetal electrocardiogram compared with cardiotocography only for intrapartum monitoring: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;117:4067.
  • 14
    Westerhuis MEMH, Visser GHA, Moons KGM, Zuithoff NPA, Mol BWJ, Kwee A. Corrections. Cardiotocography plus ST analysis of fetal electrocardiogram compared with cardiotocography only for intrapartum monitoring: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;117:412.
  • 15
    Riley RD, Lambert PC, Abo-Zaid G. Meta-analysis of individual participant data: rationale, conduct, and reporting. BMJ. 2010;340:c221.
  • 16
    Ried K. Interpreting and understanding meta-analysis graphs – a practical guide. Aust Fam Physician. 2006;35:6358.
  • 17
    Devane D. Systematic reviews. Statistical tests for heterogeneity. 27/02/2012. Available online at: www.iresearch4birth.eu/iResearch4Birth/resources/cms/documents/Statistical_tests_for_heterogeneity_Declan_Devane.pdf (accessed February 10, 2014).
  • 18
    Huedo-Medina T, Sanchez-Meca J, Marin-Martinez F, Botella J. Assessing heterogeneity in meta-analysis: Q statistic or I2 index? 2006. CHIP documents. Paper 19. Available online at: http://digitalcommons.uconn.edu/chip_docs/19 (accessed February 10, 2014).
  • 19
    Higgins JPT, Green S, eds. Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions. Version 5.1.0. Available online at: http://handbook.cochrane.org/front_page.htm (accessed February 10, 2014).
  • 20
    StatsDirect Ltd. Available online at: http://www.statsdirect.com/webhelp/#contents.htm%3FTocPath%3D_____1 (accessed February 10, 2014).
  • 21
    Rosén KG. ST analysis reviewed. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013;209:394.
  • 22
    Schuit E. Reply. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013;209:3945.
  • 23
    Sundström A-K, Rosén D, Rosén KG. Fetal surveillance. Gothenburg: Neoventa Medical AB, 2000.
  • 24
    Amer-Wåhlin I, Arulkumaran S, Hagberg H, Marsál K, Visser GHA. Fetal electrocardiogram: ST waveform analysis in intrapartum surveillance. BJOG. 2007;114:11913.
  • 25
    Welin A-K, Norén H, Odeback A, Andersson M, Andersson G, Rosén KG. STAN, a clinical audit: the outcome of 2 years of regular use in the city of Varberg, Sweden. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2007;86:82732.
  • 26
    Norén H, Rosén KG. Intrapartum ST analysis. Fetal Maternal Med Rev. 2008;19:32558.
  • 27
    Wiberg N, Källén K, Olofsson P. Base deficit estimation in umbilical cord blood is influenced by gestational age, choice of fetal fluid compartment, and algorithm for calculation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;195:16516.
  • 28
    Mokarami P, Wiberg N, Olofsson P. An overlooked aspect on metabolic acidosis at birth: blood gas analyzers calculate base deficit differently. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012;91:5749.
  • 29
    Sarnat HB, Sarnat MS. Neonatal encephalopathy following fetal distress. A clinical and electroencephalographic study. Arch Neurol. 1976;33:696705.
  • 30
    Westgate JA. An evaluation of electronic fetal monitoring with clinical validation of ST waveform analysis during labour. Thesis, University of Plymouth, 1993.