Somatic growth in 94 single ventricle children – comparing systemic right and left ventricle patients
Article first published online: 1 NOV 2012
©2012 The Author(s)/Acta Pædiatrica ©2012 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica
Volume 102, Issue 1, pages 35–39, January 2013
How to Cite
Hessel, T. W., Greisen, G., Idorn, L. and Reimers, J. I. (2013), Somatic growth in 94 single ventricle children – comparing systemic right and left ventricle patients. Acta Paediatrica, 102: 35–39. doi: 10.1111/apa.12032
- Issue published online: 11 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 1 NOV 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 20 SEP 2012 12:31PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 13 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 16 JUL 2012
- Single ventricle;
- Somatic growth;
- Total cavopulmonary connection;
- Univentricular heart;
- Weight-for-age z-score
We sought to compare and assess growth in single ventricle children with a systemic right or left ventricle in five time periods: at birth, before neonatal surgery, before the Glenn anastomosis and finally before and after the Fontan operation to 11 years of age.
We reviewed medical records on 116 single ventricle patients operated at Rigshospitalet, Denmark from 1987 to 2007. Surgical procedures, feeding route, hemodynamic variables and anthropometric measurements such as weight and height were registered and converted to z-scores.
Ninety four single ventricle patients were included for analysis. Gestational age and birth weight was not significantly different between the left and right ventricle group. Before neonatal surgery and before the Glenn anastomosis, both groups showed equal growth retardation. However, a significant difference in catch-up growth was found before the Fontan operation. Thus, patients in the right ventricle group had a smaller median weight-for-age z-score compared with the left ventricle group in the pre-Fontan period (−1.9 and −1.6; p = 0.049) and in the post-Fontan period (−1.1 and −0.7; p = 0.034).
After the Glenn anastomosis single ventricle children with a systemic left ventricle have better weight gain compared with children with a systemic right ventricle.