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Congenital cataract screening in maternity wards is effective: evaluation of the Paediatric Cataract Register of Sweden

Authors


  • This article is based on a study first reported in Läkartidningen 2012; 109: 694–7.

Correspondence

G Magnusson, Department of Ophthalmology, SU/Mölndal, SE- 430 80 Mölndal, Sweden. Tel: + 46 31 3433 256 | Fax: + 46 31 412 904 | E-mail. gunilla.magnusson@vgregion.se

Abstract

Aim

To study which eye-screening protocol prevails in Swedish maternity/neonatal wards, evaluate efficacy in a prospective study and compare results with earlier Swedish retrospective results.

Methods

Surveys were sent in 2006 to maternity/neonatal and women's health departments regarding screening policy. Response frequency was 96% (122/127). Data were derived from the Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE), Sweden. All Swedish children diagnosed with congenital cataract and operated on before 1 year of age between January 2007 and December 2009 were included. Statistical comparison with earlier retrospective results was performed.

Results

Eye screening is a routine protocol at a rate of 90% of Swedish maternity wards. Sixty-one children were included in the study. An increase was shown in case referrals from maternity wards compared to 10 years ago (64% vs. 50%). Detection was performed within 6 weeks of age in 75% of the cases. A significant difference between the probabilities of early referral (0.38; p < 0.001, < 6 weeks of age) and early surgery (0.36; p < 0.001) (PECARE) was found in comparison with the historical data of no maternity-ward screening. Well-baby clinics were instrumental in early detection, as well.

Conclusion

Eye screening in maternity wards is effective. Clear Swedish directives are to be preferred.

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