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Keywords:

  • Acute kidney injury;
  • Acute renal failure;
  • Hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy;
  • Neonatal encephalopathy;
  • Perinatal asphyxia

Abstract

Acute kidney injury frequently develops following the term perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia. Quantifying the degree of acute kidney injury is difficult, however, as the methods currently in use are suboptimal. Acute kidney injury management is largely supportive with little evidence basis for many interventions. This review discusses management strategies and novel biomarkers that may improve diagnosis and management of renal injury following perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia.

Conclusion

Following perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia, acute kidney injury is common. Management of neonatal acute kidney injury is largely supportive. Novel acute kidney injury biomarkers may play a role in optimizing new categorical definitions of renal injury. Studies are needed to investigate the impact of neonatal acute kidney injury on long-term outcome.