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Diagnostic value of serum brain natriuretic peptide in syncope in children and adolescents



J Du, M.D., Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Xi-An Men Street No. 1, West District, Beijing 100034, China.

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This study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in syncope in children and adolescents.


Serum BNP concentration was measured by electrochemiluminescence assay in 62 consecutive children and adolescents hospitalized for syncope.


Of the 62 children and adolescents hospitalized for syncope, 39 had noncardiac syncope, of whom 37 (59.7%) had autonomic-mediated reflex syncope and two (3.2%) had syncope of unknown cause. Twenty-three patients (37.1%) had cardiac syncope: 11 of these had cardiac arrhythmias and 12 had structural cardiac/cardiopulmonary disease. Patients with cardiac syncope had significantly higher serum BNP than those with non-cardiac syncope (958.78 ± 2443.41 pg/mL vs 31.05 ± 22.64 pg/mL, p < 0.05). Logistic multivariate regression analysis revealed that urinary incontinence during syncopal episodes, ECG abnormalities and increased serum BNP levels were independent predictors of cardiac syncope. At a cut-off value of 40.65 pg/mL, serum BNP was associated with significant risk of a cardiac cause of syncope, with sensitivity of 73.9% and specificity of 70.0% for distinguishing cardiac syncope from noncardiac syncope.


Serum BNP was helpful in differentiating cardiac syncope from noncardiac syncope in children and adolescents.