In 2006, the Foundation of Acta Paediatrica instituted an international Young Investigator Award. Candidates are selected by the Chairman of the Acta Paediatrica Foundation and the Chief Editor. A similar Swedish award is given by the Swedish Paediatric Society. The candidates for the awards should be the first authors and not older than 40 years. The prize was instituted in honour of former Chief Editor, Rolf Zetterström.image

The 2012 Acta Paediatrica International Young Investigator Award is given to Dr Olli Lohi for his article entitled ‘The zebrafish as a model for paediatric diseases’. The article was first published online 7 September 2012, DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2012.02835.x/and in print in the February 2013 issue of Acta Paediatrica in collaboration with Mataleena Parikka and Mika Rämet. The zebrafish has become an important model to study paediatric diseases. The embryos develop externally and are transparent, which makes it easy to visualize various developmental processes. The fluorescent techniques can easily be applied. There are a high number of descendants why genetic screens can be carried out easily. Lohi et al report interesting studies on leukaemia and tuberculosis using the zebrafish as a model. Maybe future paediatric research will choose the zebrafish instead of the classical mouse or fruit fly.image

The Swedish Prize is given to Dr Frida Sundberg for her article entitled ‘Children younger than 7 years with type 1 diabetes are less physically active than healthy controls’. Acta Paediatr 2012; 101: 1164–69 in collaboration with Gun Forsander, Anders Fasth and Ulf Ekelund. It is possible to prescribe physical activity in Sweden. One group of patients who are really in need of physical activity is children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Frida Sundberg and collaborators have now demonstrated that young children with diabetes exercise too little. It is possible that particularly girls are afraid of hypoglycaemia. The strength of this study is the use of objective measurements with a combined movement and heart rate sensor. The monitor was used continuously day and night during two periods of the year. This article clearly shows the importance of more physical activity in children with diabetes.