Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in healthy Swedish preschool children
Version of Record online: 6 MAR 2013
©2013 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Volume 102, Issue 6, pages 655–660, June 2013
How to Cite
Kaarme, J., Molin, Y., Olsen, B. and Melhus, Å. (2013), Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in healthy Swedish preschool children. Acta Paediatrica, 102: 655–660. doi: 10.1111/apa.12206
- Issue online: 6 MAY 2013
- Version of Record online: 6 MAR 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 19 FEB 2013 03:23AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 5 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 21 NOV 2012
- Karin Korsner's Foundation
- Olle Engkvist Byggmästare Foundation
- Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase;
- Faecal carriage;
- Preschool children
The objective was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in faeces from healthy Swedish preschool children and to establish whether transmission took place between children in preschools.
Diapers from children attending preschools in Uppsala city were collected during September to October 2010, and the faeces was cultured. Antibiotic profiles and carriage of CTX-M, TEM, SHV and AmpC type enzymes were determined. PCR-positive isolates were further characterized by sequencing and epidemiological typing. Statistics on antibiotic use and ESBL producers in paediatric patients at Uppsala University Hospital were extracted for comparison.
A total of 313 stool specimens were obtained, representing 24.5% of all preschool children in Uppsala city. The carriage rate of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae was 2.9% among these healthy children. The corresponding figure for patients in the same age group was 8.4%. Escherichia coli with CTX-M type enzymes predominated, and only one E. coli isolate carried genes-encoding CMY. CTX-M-producing E. coli isolates with identical genotypes were found in children with no familial relation at two different preschools.
Using diapers, the prevalence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in children was quickly established, and, most likely, a transmission of ESBL-producing E. coli was for the first time documented between children at the same preschool.