Physical fitness and academic performance in middle school students
Article first published online: 13 MAY 2013
©2013 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Volume 102, Issue 8, pages 832–837, August 2013
How to Cite
Bass, R. W., Brown, D. D., Laurson, K. R. and Coleman, M. M. (2013), Physical fitness and academic performance in middle school students. Acta Paediatrica, 102: 832–837. doi: 10.1111/apa.12278
- Issue published online: 21 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 13 MAY 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 28 APR 2013 08:47PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 APR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 21 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 15 JAN 2013
- Academic achievement;
- Aerobic capacity;
- Middle school;
- Physical fitness
The purpose of this study was to determine whether physical fitness is linked to academic success in middle school students.
The FITNESSGRAM test battery assessed students (n = 838) in the five components of health-related fitness. The Illinois Standardized Achievement Test (ISAT) was used to assess academic achievement in reading and math.
The largest correlations were seen for aerobic fitness and muscular endurance (ranging from 0.12 to 0.27, all p < 0.05). Boys in the Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ) for aerobic fitness or muscular endurance were 2.5–3 times more likely to pass their math or reading exams. Girls in the HFZ for aerobic fitness were approximately 2–4 times as likely to meet or exceed reading and math test standards.
Aerobic capacity and muscular endurance seem to positively affect academic achievement in middle school students.