Perinatal systemic inflammatory responses of growth-restricted preterm newborns



Thomas McElrath, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham & Women's Hospital,75 Francis St., Boston, MA 02115, USA.

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To compare the early post-natal pattern of systemic inflammation in growth-restricted infants born before the 28th week of gestation to that of appropriately grown peers.


We measured the concentrations of 25 inflammation-related proteins in blood spots collected from 939 newborns during the first 2 post-natal weeks. We calculated the odds ratios (99% confidence intervals) that concentrations would be in the highest quartile.


Severely growth-restricted infants (birth weight Z-score <−2) were not at increased risk of systemic inflammation shortly after birth. On post-natal day 14, however, they were significantly more likely than their peers to have a CRP, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-8, MCP-4, ICAM-1, ICAM-3, E-SEL, MMP-9, VEGF-R2 and/or IGFBP-1 concentration in the highest quartile. These increased risks could not be attributed to delivery indication, bacteremia or duration of ventilation.


Growth-restricted preterm newborns appear to be at increased risk of elevated concentrations of inflammation-associated proteins by post-natal day 14.