Table S1. List of 66 microorganisms tested for PCR specificity. ‘+’ denotes a positive PCR amplification, ‘−’denotes a negative PCR amplification and ‘±’denotes a positive PCR amplification with a band of weak intensity.

Table S2. Results of cloning and sequencing.

Table S3. Results of standard PCR. Brackets included the total number of stools tested for each group. *Genetic diversity = number of phylotype/number of positive stools.

Table S4. Planctomycetes sequences and phylotypes obtained from stool specimens collected in France and Senegal. We included the nearest cultured Planctomycetes organisms with the corresponding sequence similarity and the GenBank accession number, the source and the location of the organism.

Please note: Wiley Blackwell is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. Any queries (other than missing content) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article.