Depression in male patients on methadone maintenance therapy

Authors

  • Azlin Baharudin MD (UKM) MMedPsych (UKM),

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Noormazita Mislan MBBChBAO (Ireland) MMed Psych (UKM),

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Batu Pahat Hospital, Johor, Malaysia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Normala Ibrahim MBBChBAO (Ireland) MMed Psych (UKM),

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Putra University Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Hatta Sidi MBBS MMed Psych (UKM),

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Nik Ruzyanei Nik Jaafar MBBChBAO( Ireland) MMed Psych (UKM)

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Search for more papers by this author

Correspondence

Azlin Baharudin MD (UKM) MMedPsych (UKM), Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Tel: +603 9145 6152/6142

Fax: +603 9173 7841

Email: jelin72@hotmail.com

Abstract

Introduction

Depression is one of the most common psychiatric conditions in men. The aim of the study was to determine the depressive symptoms and associated factors among men on methadone maintenance therapy (MMT).

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 108 subjects who attended the Drug Clinic at Hospital Kuala Lumpur. The instruments used include the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition Axis-I Disorder, Beck Depression Inventory and the 15-item International Index of Erectile Function.

Results

The rate of depression was 44.4%. There were significant associations between Malay ethnicity, secondary education level and concurrent illicit cannabis use with depression (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant associations between depression and erectile dysfunction (P = 0.379).

Discussion

Even though depression is common among men on MMT, it is often missed by the treating doctors. It is important to make the treating doctors aware that depression is a serious clinical condition that has a profound impact on the individual and compliance to treatment.

Ancillary