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Aesthetic labour in creative industries: the case of independent musicians in Toronto, Canada
Article first published online: 20 DEC 2013
© 2013 Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers)
Volume 46, Issue 1, pages 66–73, March 2014
How to Cite
Hracs, B. J. and Leslie, D. (2014), Aesthetic labour in creative industries: the case of independent musicians in Toronto, Canada. Area, 46: 66–73. doi: 10.1111/area.12062
- Issue published online: 12 FEB 2014
- Article first published online: 20 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Received: 17 AUG 2013
- Innovation Systems Research Network (ISRN)
- music industry;
- aesthetic labour;
- physical and virtual space;
In this paper we examine the changing nature of aesthetic labour in creative industries. Drawing on a case study of independent musicians in Toronto, we argue that the spatiality and temporality of aesthetic labour has shifted as a result of technological change in the music industry and the decline of record labels. In particular, we demonstrate that aesthetic labour in the music industry has become more time-intensive and takes place across a growing range of spaces, including the stage, the home and online. This paper contributes to existing studies in geography that consider the spatial dynamics and precarious conditions of creative labour.