The information, practices and views in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG).
Patterns of the dynamics of human-triggered snow avalanches at the Făgăraș massif (Southern Carpathians), Romanian Carpathians
Article first published online: 7 JUL 2014
© 2014 Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers)
Volume 46, Issue 3, pages 328–336, September 2014
How to Cite
Voiculescu, M. (2014), Patterns of the dynamics of human-triggered snow avalanches at the Făgăraș massif (Southern Carpathians), Romanian Carpathians. Area, 46: 328–336. doi: 10.1111/area.12111
- Issue published online: 11 AUG 2014
- Article first published online: 7 JUL 2014
- Manuscript Received: 26 MAY 2014
- snow avalanches;
- terrain factors;
- danger levels;
- Făgăraș massif;
- Romanian Carpathians
Every year a large number of avalanches are triggered by anthropogenic activities. This study examines the occurrence of snow avalanches from 1940 to 2011 in the Făgăraș massif and Bâlea glacial area in the eastern region of the Southern Carpathian Mountains, Romania. We focused our attention on the relationship between anthropogenically triggered avalanches and terrain factors (including elevation, aspect and slope angle), snow depth and snow pack characteristics. We also examined the influence of issuing snow avalanche danger-level alerts to the public by the Bâlea Work Nivology Laboratory on the number of accidents since 2005. Most avalanche accidents occurred in the alpine and subalpine areas. The majority of avalanche fatalities occurred at high danger levels, while avalanche burials and injuries occurred at all danger levels (low–very high). Since the establishment of the National Administration of Meteorology and the Bâlea Work Nivology Laboratory, a marked reduction in accidents has occurred because of better education regarding avalanche hazards and the regular issuing of avalanche danger-level alerts to the public and authorities.