Influence of a Wife's Working Status on Her Husband's Accumulation of Human Capital



Japanese household-level data consisting of husband's earnings, wife's working status and their schooling levels are used to test three hypotheses, with particular consideration given to the time-consuming process of human capital accumulation within marriages. The empirical results supports the following hypotheses: (i) a non-working wife's schooling has a greater positive effect on her husband's earnings than a working wife's schooling; and (ii) the effect of a non-working wife's schooling increases with the length of marriage, whereas the effect of a working wife's schooling does not change over the course of marriage.