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Iran and the Arab Spring: Why Haven't Iranians Followed the Arabs in Waging Revolution?

Authors

  • Hamid Ahmadi

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    • Hamid Ahmadi is Professor of Political Science at the University of Tehran and Visiting Professor of Political Science at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. His main concentration is on national identity and ethnicity in Iran and the Middle East.

Abstract

Since the beginning of the Arab Spring, the question of Iran's own political situation and its relationship to the Arab movements has become a controversial issue. This article examines the Iranian ruling elites' as well as oppositionist views of the Arab Spring, explaining why Iran has not followed its Arab counterparts in engaging a revolutionary and violent confrontation with the Islamic Republic regime. A main argument is that there is no agreement among the Iranians regarding the nature of the Arab Spring, thus situational and nationalistic considerations make Iranians hesitant to take a radical and violent move against the regime. Further, it is argued that in contrast to the expectations of the ruling elite, the empowerment of Arab Islamists brings about unexpected challenges, rather than advantages, for the Islamic Republic in Iran.

Abstract

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Az aghaze bahare arabi, mas'aleye mogheiate siasiye khode iran va rabeteye an ba jonbeshhaye Arabi be yek muzue janjal barangiz tabdil shod east. In maghale, didgah haye nokhbegane hakem Iran va niz mokhalefane an ra dar bareye bahare Arabi bar resi mikonad va be tabeen in mipardazd ke chera Iran az hamghatarane Arabe khod payrovi nakarde va dargire yek ruyaruie enghelabi va khoshunat bar ba jomhurie eslami nashode ast. Bahse asai maghale in ast ke miyane Iranian bar sare mahiat bahare Arabi tavafoghi vojud nadarad va bana bar in sharaytee zamani va mohiti va niz molahezate meli garayane baes mishavad ke Iranian az dast zadan be yek harkate tond va khoshunat talabaneh alayhe regim parhiz konand. Gozashte az in, nazare nevisande bar in ast ke dorost bar akse entezarate nokhbegane hakem, be ghodrat residane Islam gerayane Arab chalesh haye ghayre ghabele entezari baraye jomhurie Islami Iran ijad mikonad ta forsat haye ghabele estefade.
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