CASE REPORT AND CLINICAL REVIEW
Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in two alpacas
Article first published online: 20 JUN 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Australian Veterinary Journal © 2013 Australian Veterinary Association
Australian Veterinary Journal
Volume 91, Issue 7, pages 296–300, July 2013
How to Cite
O'Brien, C., Kuseff, G., McMillan, E., McCowan, C., Lavender, C., Globan, M., Jerrett, I., Oppedisano, F., Johnson, P. and Fyfe, J. (2013), Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in two alpacas. Australian Veterinary Journal, 91: 296–300. doi: 10.1111/avj.12071
- Issue published online: 20 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 20 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 DEC 2012
- Bairnsdale ulcer;
- Buruli ulcer;
- Mycobacterium ulcerans;
- polymerase chain reaction;
- skin lesions
An ulcerative dermopathy caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans is described in two alpacas (Vicugna pacos) domiciled in endemic areas of Victoria, Australia.
The diagnosis was confirmed in both cases by PCR targeting the M. ulcerans-specific insertion sequence, IS2404. Extensive wound debridement and bandaging was effective in controlling local disease in one alpaca, although the animal was eventually euthanased because of suspected disease recurrence at other anatomical sites. Treatment was not undertaken in the second animal, but the results of a complete necropsy are described. Investigation of the environs of the second animal yielded low levels of M. ulcerans DNA associated with a variety of samples. The potential use of adjunctive antibiotic therapies directed against M. ulcerans infection in this species is discussed.
Mycobacterium ulcerans infection should be suspected in alpacas domiciled in endemic areas and presented with ulcerative skin disease.