Bioequivalence of a new liquid formulation of benazepril compared with the reference tablet product
Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013
© 2013 Australian Veterinary Association
Australian Veterinary Journal
Volume 91, Issue 8, pages 312–319, August 2013
How to Cite
Kelers, K., Devi, J., Anderson, G., Zahra, P., Vine, J. and Whittem, T. (2013), Bioequivalence of a new liquid formulation of benazepril compared with the reference tablet product. Australian Veterinary Journal, 91: 312–319. doi: 10.1111/avj.12080
- Issue published online: 26 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 JAN 2013
- Apex Laboratories Pty Ltd (Somersby, NSW, Australia)
Vol. 91, Issue 10, 422, Article first published online: 23 SEP 2013
- angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor;
To compare the bioequivalence and ‘switchability’ of two formulations of benazepril (tablet and liquid) after oral administration.
Randomised cross-over design, followed by parallel comparison.
Twelve mixed-breed dogs were administered either a tablet (Group A) or liquid formulation (Group B) of benazepril orally at 0.45 mg/kg daily for 4 days. With no washout period, the dogs then received the alternative treatment at the same dose for a further 4 days. Blood samples taken prior to treatment and serially after treatment were analysed for plasma concentrations of benazepril and benazeprilat and the activity and concentration of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). The calculated percentage inhibition of ACE was defined as the primary outcome variable.
No statistically significant differences were found between groups A and B for any variable evaluated. The mean (± SD) percentage of ACE inhibition was 85.5 ± 7.04% for the liquid formulation and 85.9 ± 6.66% for the tablet formulation. The mean of the ratios was 1.00 (80% confidence interval 0.96–1.04). No evaluated effect term (sequence, formulation or period) had any statistical effect on any outcome variable.
This study supports a conclusion that, based on pharmacodynamic response, the liquid formulation of benazepril is bioequivalent to the reference tablet formulation. Further, the lack of a sequence effect supports the switchability of these two formulations.