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Applied Vegetation Science

Cover image for Vol. 19 Issue 1

January 2016

Volume 19, Issue 1

Pages 1–182

  1. Editorial

    1. Top of page
    2. Editorial
    3. Commentaries
    4. Research Articles
    5. Vegetation Survey
    6. Report
    7. List of Referees
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      Applied Vegetation Science in 2016: the leading journal promoting the application of vegetation science (pages 1–2)

      Alessandro Chiarucci, Milan Chytrý, Valério D. Pillar and Meelis Pärtel

      Article first published online: 19 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12213

  2. Commentaries

    1. Top of page
    2. Editorial
    3. Commentaries
    4. Research Articles
    5. Vegetation Survey
    6. Report
    7. List of Referees
    1. You have free access to this content
      Restoring grasslands with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi around remnant patches (pages 3–4)

      François P. Teste

      Article first published online: 19 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12211

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      Ecological restoration of species-rich grasslands remains a priority for conservation of biodiversity. Torrez et al. (Applied Vegetation Science, this issue) determined if plant species recolonization of degraded nutrient-poor grasslands could be increased by adding a local source of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) inoculum at different distances from intact remnant grasslands. They highlight the important role of below-ground processes on restoration success.

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      Using management to determine drivers of alien plant invasion and limits to native restoration (pages 5–6)

      Jane A. Catford

      Article first published online: 19 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12212

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      Ascertaining whether invasive species are the drivers or passengers of ecological change is crucial in restoration and for optimizing management. Smith et al. (this issue) show that failed control of an invasive forb limits restoration of a floodplain forest, regardless of whether native species are actively planted. Management-based experiments that target the complementary processes of invasion and community assembly can help optimize restoration.

  3. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Editorial
    3. Commentaries
    4. Research Articles
    5. Vegetation Survey
    6. Report
    7. List of Referees
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      Effects of adding an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculum and of distance to donor sites on plant species recolonization following topsoil removal (pages 7–19)

      Vania Torrez, Tobias Ceulemans, Joachim Mergeay, Luc de Meester and Olivier Honnay

      Article first published online: 20 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12193

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      Adding a custom-made AMF-inoculum positively affected the species richness and/or diversity of all plant species, AMF-dependent plant species and specialist plant species. However, dispersal limitation negatively affected the richness and/or diversity of all plant species and specialist plant species. As a result, dispersal limitation negatively affected the effect of inoculum addition in distant areas.

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      Re-vegetation with native species does not control the invasive Ruellia simplex in a floodplain forest in Florida, USA (pages 20–30)

      Adrienne M. Smith, Carrie Reinhardt Adams, Christine Wiese and Sandra B. Wilson

      Article first published online: 12 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12188

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      Planting or seeding native species after initial control of an invasive species may prevent reinvasion and hasten native species establishment. We examined this approach using Ruellia simplex (Mexican petunia) in floodplain forests in Florida, USA. Ruellia simplex remained significant after a single year, and conclude that abiotic and biotic site conditions may have limited native species establishment.

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      Response of native versus exotic plant guilds to cattle and elk herbivory in forested rangeland (pages 31–39)

      Burak K. Pekin, Michael J. Wisdom, Catherine G. Parks, Bryan A. Endress and Bridgett J. Naylor

      Article first published online: 20 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12194

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      We explore the role of cattle and elk grazing in exotic plant invasions. Both ungulates have similar impacts on exotic and native plant dynamics, and the persistence of exotics on the landscape is largely mediated by vegetation succession stage which corresponds to forest management history. Exotics are extirpated as succession progresses following stand thinning and burning regardless of grazing regime.

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      Linking historical land use to present vegetation and soil characteristics under slash-and-burn cultivation in Madagascar (pages 40–52)

      Andry Randrianarison, Rodolphe Schlaepfer, Robert Mills, Dominique Hervé, Samuel Razanaka, Vonjison Rakotoarimanana, Stéphanie M. Carrière and Alexandre Buttler

      Article first published online: 7 OCT 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12202

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      While age of abandonment of parcels formerly slashed and burnt has obvious consequences on species richness and regrowth of ligneous species, intensity of former land use has a greater impact on the upper soil layer, and limits species development to a few number of herbaceous species. The ability to recover soil P appears not related to abandonment duration, while Carbon is slowly accumulating with abandonment.

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      Recovery of target bryophytes in floating rich fens after 25 yr of inundation by base-rich surface water with lower nutrient contents (pages 53–65)

      A.M. Kooijman, C. Cusell, I.S. Mettrop and L.P.M. Lamers

      Article first published online: 24 SEP 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12197

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      After 25 yr, improvement of surface water quality led to a fourfold decrease in aboveground biomass production in the Stobbenribben rich fens, and decrease of eutrophic mosses such as Calliergonella cuspidata. At the same time, characteristic rich-fen mosses such as Scorpidium scorpioides locally expanded, especially close to the adjacent ditch, due to occasional inundation with base-rich, but nutrient-poor ditch water.

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      What factors determined restoration success of a salt marsh ten years after de-embankment? (pages 66–77)

      Esther R. Chang, Roos M. Veeneklaas, Jan P. Bakker, Petra Daniels and Peter Esselink

      Article first published online: 20 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12195

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      Using vegetation mapping and a long-term factorial experiment with permanent plots, we identified the factors significantly influencing vegetation development 10 yr after de-embankment. The development of plant communities was found to be strongly influenced by the interaction between topography and livestock grazing. We advise for variable grazing regimes in high-elevation areas, lower grazing pressure in low-elevation areas and adequate drainage.

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      Biomass removal by clipping and raking vs burning for the restoration of abandoned Stipa-dominated European steppe-like grassland (pages 78–88)

      Eszter Ruprecht, Márton Zsolt Enyedi, Anna Szabó and Annamária Fenesi

      Article first published online: 27 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12199

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      We experimentally investigated if yearly biomass removal by clipping and raking have a beneficial effect on the long-term abandoned steppe-like grassland, and if fire is a good alternative. Clipping and raking had a beneficial effect on vegetation structure and composition and lead to more open grassland. A single fire event negatively affected the dominant species and promoted a stoloniferous grass.

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      Creation of micro-topographic features: a new tool for introducing specialist species of calcareous grassland to restored sites? (pages 89–100)

      Markus Wagner, James M. Bullock, Lucy Hulmes, Sarah Hulmes, Jodey Peyton, Sam R. Amy, Joanna Savage, Jerry B. Tallowin, Matthew S. Heard and Richard F. Pywell

      Article first published online: 31 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12198

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      We tested the effects of pre-sowing disturbance techniques and of post-establishment management regimes on establishment of sown specialist forbs of calcareous grassland in a partially restored site. Both harrowing and creation of micro-topographic features promoted sown species establishment. The latter technique did however work better for low-statured species, and generally resulted in faster transition of sown individuals to reproductive stage.

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      Phosphorus limitation relates to diet selection of sheep and goats on dry calcareous grassland (pages 101–110)

      Pavla Hejcmanová, Pavlína Pokorná, Michal Hejcman and Vilém Pavlů

      Article first published online: 24 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12196

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      Sheep and goats select a wide range of plant species on dry calcareous grassland. In the late season did not offer animals more macronutrients than required for their maintenance. The animals adapted their foraging strategy to select preferentially forbs or woody species particularly rich in P and with a relatively low fibre content. Late grazing could therefore contribute to the control of woody plant species, but cannot suppress expansive grasses.

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      Assembling productive communities of native grass and legume species: finding the right mix (pages 111–121)

      Jenalee M. Mischkolz, Michael P. Schellenberg and Eric G. Lamb

      Article first published online: 19 OCT 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12200

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      Multispecies seed mixes are needed for ecological restoration, but it remains challenging to identify mixtures with optimal productivity and stress resistance from the thousands of community configurations possible. We used greenhouse tests and empirical modeling to identify novel communities of native species for field evaluation. This screening tool narrows the search window for high functioning seed mixtures for ecological restoration.

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      Plant functional shifts in Central European grassland under traditional flood irrigation (pages 122–131)

      Isabell B. Müller, Constanze Buhk, Martin Alt, Martin H. Entling and Jens Schirmel

      Article first published online: 26 OCT 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12203

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      Our study reveals the long-term impact of traditional flood irrigation on the plant functional and species composition. Different species, growth forms and reproduction types prevailed in irrigated compared to non-irrigated meadows may benefit functionally complex vegetation assemblages. In contrast fertilization had comparatively weak effects on the plant functional composition in our meadows.

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      Evaluating an unmanned aerial vehicle-based approach for assessing habitat extent and condition in fine-scale early successional mountain mosaics (pages 132–146)

      João Gonçalves, Renato Henriques, Paulo Alves, Rita Sousa-Silva, António T. Monteiro, Ângela Lomba, Bruno Marcos and João Honrado

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12204

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      A sub-decimeter Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), producing RGB imagery and a Digital Surface Model, was tested for its ability to discriminate habitat extent and condition in fine-scale disturbance-dependent mosaics in a Natura 2000 mountainous site in NW Portugal. Supervised classification using Random Forests algorithm combined with band-ratios and texture features showed promising results for mapping and assessing different habitat types.

  4. Vegetation Survey

    1. Top of page
    2. Editorial
    3. Commentaries
    4. Research Articles
    5. Vegetation Survey
    6. Report
    7. List of Referees
    1. You have free access to this content
      Vegetation classification and biogeography of European floodplain forests and alder carrs (pages 147–163)

      Jan Douda, Karel Boublík, Michal Slezák, Idoia Biurrun, Josef Nociar, Alena Havrdová, Jana Doudová, Svetlana Aćić, Henry Brisse, Jörg Brunet, Milan Chytrý, Hugues Claessens, János Csiky, Yakiv Didukh, Panayotis Dimopoulos, Stefan Dullinger, Úna FitzPatrick, Antoine Guisan, Peter J. Horchler, Richard Hrivnák, Ute Jandt, Zygmunt Kącki, Balázs Kevey, Flavia Landucci, Hugues Lecomte, Jonathan Lenoir, Jaanus Paal, David Paternoster, Harald Pauli, Remigiusz Pielech, John S. Rodwell, Bart Roelandt, Jens-Christian Svenning, Jozef Šibík, Urban Šilc, Željko Škvorc, Ioannis Tsiripidis, Rossen T. Tzonev, Thomas Wohlgemuth and Niklaus E. Zimmermann

      Article first published online: 22 OCT 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12201

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      We performed a vegetation classification of floodplain forests and alder carrs in Europe based on a large dataset of 16 392 plots. Thirty associations of floodplain forests and alder carrs were distinguished, which belong to five alliances. This study is the first applying a formalized classification at the association-level for a broad vegetation type at the continental scale.

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      The Upper Mississippi River floodscape: spatial patterns of flood inundation and associated plant community distributions (pages 164–172)

      Nathan R. De Jager, Jason J. Rohweder, Yao Yin and Erin Hoy

      Article first published online: 18 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12189

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      De Jager et al. develop a simple method to model and map flood inundation within floodplains at large spatial scales. In an application to the Upper Mississippi River floodplain, the authors use maps of the ‘floodscape’ to explain spatial variation in the distribution of 16 different plant communities. Quantification of flood inundation – vegetation relationships should help to identify targets for vegetation management in floodplains.

  5. Report

    1. Top of page
    2. Editorial
    3. Commentaries
    4. Research Articles
    5. Vegetation Survey
    6. Report
    7. List of Referees
    1. You have free access to this content
      European Vegetation Archive (EVA): an integrated database of European vegetation plots (pages 173–180)

      Milan Chytrý, Stephan M. Hennekens, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Ilona Knollová, Jürgen Dengler, Florian Jansen, Flavia Landucci, Joop H.J. Schaminée, Svetlana Aćić, Emiliano Agrillo, Didem Ambarlı, Pierangela Angelini, Iva Apostolova, Fabio Attorre, Christian Berg, Erwin Bergmeier, Idoia Biurrun, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Henry Brisse, Juan Antonio Campos, Luis Carlón, Andraž Čarni, Laura Casella, János Csiky, Renata Ćušterevska, Zora Dajić Stevanović, Jiří Danihelka, Els De Bie, Patrice de Ruffray, Michele De Sanctis, W. Bernhard Dickoré, Panayotis Dimopoulos, Dmytro Dubyna, Tetiana Dziuba, Rasmus Ejrnæs, Nikolai Ermakov, Jörg Ewald, Giuliano Fanelli, Federico Fernández-González, Úna FitzPatrick, Xavier Font, Itziar García-Mijangos, Rosario G. Gavilán, Valentin Golub, Riccardo Guarino, Rense Haveman, Adrian Indreica, Deniz Işık Gürsoy, Ute Jandt, John A.M. Janssen, Martin Jiroušek, Zygmunt Kącki, Ali Kavgacı, Martin Kleikamp, Vitaliy Kolomiychuk, Mirjana Krstivojević Ćuk, Daniel Krstonošić, Anna Kuzemko, Jonathan Lenoir, Tatiana Lysenko, Corrado Marcenò, Vassiliy Martynenko, Dana Michalcová, Jesper Erenskjold Moeslund, Viktor Onyshchenko, Hristo Pedashenko, Aaron Pérez-Haase, Tomáš Peterka, Vadim Prokhorov, Valerijus Rašomavičius, Maria Pilar Rodríguez-Rojo, John S. Rodwell, Tatiana Rogova, Eszter Ruprecht, Solvita Rūsiņa, Gunnar Seidler, Jozef Šibík, Urban Šilc, Željko Škvorc, Desislava Sopotlieva, Zvjezdana Stančić, Jens-Christian Svenning, Grzegorz Swacha, Ioannis Tsiripidis, Pavel Dan Turtureanu, Emin Uğurlu, Domas Uogintas, Milan Valachovič, Yulia Vashenyak, Kiril Vassilev, Roberto Venanzoni, Risto Virtanen, Lynda Weekes, Wolfgang Willner, Thomas Wohlgemuth and Sergey Yamalov

      Article first published online: 20 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12191

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      The European Vegetation Archive (EVA) was developed as a centralized database of European vegetation plots. By 30 June 2015, it included 61 contributing national or regional databases that in total contained 1 027 376 vegetation plots from 57 countries, 82% of them with geographical coordinates. EVA data are provided for various international projects of fundamental and applied research.

  6. List of Referees

    1. Top of page
    2. Editorial
    3. Commentaries
    4. Research Articles
    5. Vegetation Survey
    6. Report
    7. List of Referees
    1. You have free access to this content

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