• 1
    Olsen GW, Lange CC, Ellefson ME, Mair DC, Church TR, Goldberg CL et al. Temporal trends of perfluoroalkyl concentrations in American Red Cross adult blood donors, 2000–2010. Environ Sci Technol 2012;46:63308.
  • 2
    Houde M, De Silva AO, Muir DC, Letcher RJ. Monitoring of perfluorinated compounds in aquatic biota: an updated review. Environ Sci Technol 2011;45:796273.
  • 3
    Lau C, Anitole K, Hodes C, Lai D, Pfahles-Hutchens A, Seed J. Perfluoroalkyl acids: a review of monitoring and toxicological findings. Toxicol Sci 2007;99:36694.
  • 4
    Kennedy GL Jr, Butenhoff JL, Olsen GW, O'Connor JC, Seacat AM, Perkins RG et al. The toxicology of perfluorooctanoate. Crit Rev Toxicol 2004;34:35184.
  • 5
    Lau C, Butenhoff JL, Rogers JM. The developmental toxicity of perfluoroalkyl acids and their derivatives. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2004;198:23141.
  • 6
    Andersen ME, Butenhoff JL, Chang SC, Farrar DG, Kennedy GL Jr, Lau C et al. Perfluoroalkyl acids and related chemistries–toxicokinetics and modes of action. Toxicolo Sci 2008;102:314.
  • 7
    Kjeldsen L, Bonefeld-Jørgensen E. Perfluorinated compounds affect the function of sex hormone receptors. Environ Sci Pollut Res 2013;20:803144.
  • 8
    Long M, Ghisari M, Bonefeld-Jorgensen EC. Effects of perfluoroalkyl acids on the function of the thyroid hormone and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2013;20:804556.
  • 9
    Steenland K, Tinker S, Shankar A, Ducatman A. Association of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) with uric acid among adults with elevated community exposure to PFOA. Environ Health Perspect 2010;118:22933.
  • 10
    Hoffman K, Webster TF, Weisskopf MG, Weinberg J, Vieira VM. Exposure to polyfluoroalkyl chemicals and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in U.S. children 12-15 years of age. Environ Health Perspect 2010;118:17627.
  • 11
    Joensen UN, Bossi R, Leffers H, Jensen AA, Skakkebaek NE, Jorgensen N. Do perfluoroalkyl compounds impair human semen quality? Environ Health Perspect 2009;117:9237.
  • 12
    Bonefeld-Jorgensen EC, Long M, Bossi R, Ayotte P, Asmund G, Kruger T et al. Perfluorinated compounds are related to breast cancer risk in Greenlandic Inuit: a case control study. Environ Health 2011;10:88.
  • 13
    Environment Canada: Environmental Performance Agreement (“Agreement”) Respecting Perfluorinated Carboxylic Acids (PFCAs) and their Precursors in Perfluorochemical Products Sold in Canada; 2010.
  • 14
    US EPA: PFOA Stewardship Program. US EPA 2010/2015.
  • 15
    European Union: Commission Regulation (EU) No. 757/2010 amending Regulation (EC) No. 850/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on persistent organic pollutants as regards Annexes IV and V. Official J Eur Union L 223, 2010.
  • 16
    De Silva AO, Allard CN, Spencer C, Webster GM, Shoeib M. Phosphorus-containing fluorinated organics: polyfluoroalkyl phosphoric acid diesters (diPAPs), perfluorophosphonates (PFPAs), and perfluorophosphinates (PFPIAs) in residential indoor dust. Environ Sci Technol 2012;46:1257582.
  • 17
    Yeung LW, Miyake Y, Taniyasu S, Wang Y, Yu H, So MK et al. Perfluorinated compounds and total and extractable organic fluorine in human blood samples from China. Environ Sci Technol 2008;42:81405.
  • 18
    Buck RC, Franklin J, Berger U, Conder JM, Cousins IT, de Voogt P et al. Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in the environment: terminology, classification, and origins. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2011;7:51341.
  • 19
    Kissa E. Fluorinated surfactants and repellents, 2nd edn. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 2001.
  • 20
    Begley TH, Hsu W, Noonan G, Diachenko G. Migration of fluorochemical paper additives from food-contact paper into foods and food simulants. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 2008;25:38490.
  • 21
    Trier X, Granby K. Christensen JH: polyfluorinated surfactants (PFS) in paper and board coatings for food packaging. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2011;18:110820.
  • 22
    Posner S, Roos S, Poulsen PB, Jörundsdottir HÓ, Gunnlaugsdóttir H, Trier X et al.: Per and polyfluorinated substances in the Nordic Countries - Use, occurence and toxicology. TemaNord 2013:542. doi: 10.6027/TN2013-542.
  • 23
    D'Eon JC, Crozier PW, Furdui VI, Reiner EJ, Libelo EL, Mabury SA. Observation of a commercial fluorinated material, the polyfluoroalkyl phosphoric acid diesters, in human sera, wastewater treatment plant sludge, and paper fibers. Environ Sci Technol 2009;43:458994.
  • 24
    D'eon JC, Mabury SA. Production of perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) from the biotransformation of polyfluoroalkyl phosphate surfactants (PAPS): exploring routes of human contamination. Environ Sci Technol 2007;41:4799805.
  • 25
    D'eon JC, Mabury SA. Exploring indirect sources of human exposure to perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (PFCAs): evaluating uptake, elimination, and biotransformation of polyfluoroalkyl phosphate esters (PAPs) in the rat. Environ Health Perspect 2011;119:34450.
  • 26
    Kubwabo C, Kosarac I, Lalonde K. Determination of selected perfluorinated compounds and polyfluoroalkyl phosphate surfactants in human milk. Chemosphere 2013;91:7717.
  • 27
    Ding H, Peng H, Yang M, Hu J. Simultaneous determination of mono- and disubstituted polyfluoroalkyl phosphates in drinking water by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A 2012;1227:24552.
  • 28
    Lee H, D'Eon J, Mabury SA. Biodegradation of polyfluoroalkyl phosphates as a source of perfluorinated acids to the environment. Environ Sci Technol 2010;44:330510.
  • 29
    Lau C, Anitole K, Hodes C, Lai D, Pfahles-Hutchens A, Seed J. Perfluoroalkyl acids: a review of monitoring and toxicological findings. Toxicol Sci 2007;99:36694.
  • 30
    Rosenmai AK, Nielsen FK, Pedersen M, Hadrup N, Trier X, Christensen JH et al. Fluorochemicals used in food packaging inhibit male sex hormone synthesis. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2013;266:13242.
  • 31
    Du G, Hu J, Huang H, Qin Y, Han X, Wu D et al. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) affects hormone receptor activity, steroidogenesis, and expression of endocrine-related genes in vitro and in vivo. Environ Toxicol Chem 2013;32:35360.