Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov; ID#: NCT00201526; URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00201526?term=morken&rank=1.
Risk factors related to lifetime suicide attempts in acutely admitted bipolar disorder inpatients
Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
© 2012 John Wiley and Sons A/S
Volume 14, Issue 7, pages 727–734, November 2012
How to Cite
Finseth, P. I., Morken, G., Andreassen, O. A., Malt, U. F. and Vaaler, A. E. (2012), Risk factors related to lifetime suicide attempts in acutely admitted bipolar disorder inpatients. Bipolar Disorders, 14: 727–734. doi: 10.1111/bdi.12004
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Received 7 February 2011, revised and accepted for publication 13 July 2012
- alcohol-induced affective episode;
- antidepressant-induced affective episode;
- bipolar disorder;
- substance abuse;
- suicide attempt
Finseth PI, Morken G, Andreassen OA, Malt UF, Vaaler AE. Risk factors related to lifetime suicide attempts in acutely admitted bipolar disorder inpatients. Bipolar Disord 2012: 14: 727–734. © 2012 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Objective: The main aim of this study was to assess possible clinical characteristics of acutely admitted bipolar I disorder (BD-I) and bipolar II disorder (BD-II) inpatients at high risk of suicide by comparing patients who had made one or several serious suicide attempts with patients who had not.
Methods: A total of 206 consecutive patients (mean age 42 ± 15 years; 54.9% women) with DSM–IV diagnosed BD-I (n = 140) and BD-II (n = 66) acutely admitted to a single psychiatric hospital department from November 2002 through June 2009 were included. Using a detailed retrospective questionnaire, patients with a history of a serious suicide attempt were compared to those with no history of a suicide attempt.
Results: Ninety-three patients (45.1%) had a history of one or more serious suicide attempts. These constituted 60 (42.9%) of the BD-I patients and 33 (50%) of the BD-II patients (no significant difference). Lifetime suicide attempt was associated with a higher number of hospitalizations due to depression (p < 0.0001), antidepressant (AD)-induced hypomania/mania (p = 0.033), AD- and/or alcohol-induced affective episodes (p = 0.009), alcohol and/or substance use (p = 0.002), and a family history of alcohol abuse and/or affective disorder (p = 0.01). Suicide attempt was negatively associated with a higher Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS) Positive Subscale score (p = 0.022) and more hospitalizations due to mania (p = 0.006).
Conclusions: The lifetime suicide attempt rate in BD inpatients is high. Risk factors of suicide attempts were: (i) a predominant depressive course of illness, (ii) comorbid alcohol and substance use disorders, and (iii) a history of AD- and/or alcohol-induced affective episodes. Risk-reducing factors were a preponderant manic or psychotic course of the illness. These risk factors may be signs of a clinical subgroup at risk of suicidal behaviour, and seem to be important for suicide risk assessment in acutely admitted BD patients.