Pilot investigation of isradipine in the treatment of bipolar depression motivated by genome-wide association
Article first published online: 27 DEC 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Volume 16, Issue 2, pages 199–203, March 2014
How to Cite
Pilot investigation of isradipine in the treatment of bipolar depression motivated by genome-wide association. Bipolar Disord 2014: 16: 199–203. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd., , , , , .
- Issue published online: 5 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 27 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 27 JUL 2012
- Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research at the Broad Institute
- bipolar disorder;
- calcium channel antagonist;
- L-type calcium channel;
Motivated by genetic association data implicating L-type calcium channels in bipolar disorder liability, we sought to estimate the tolerability, safety, and efficacy of isradipine in the adjunctive treatment of bipolar depression.
A total of 12 patients with bipolar I or II depression entered this pilot, proof-of-concept eight-week investigation and 10 returned for at least one post-baseline visit. They were initiated on isradipine at 2.5 mg and titrated up to 10 mg daily, with blinded assessments of depression using the Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) as well as adverse effects.
Among the 10 patients, three had bipolar II disorder; all but two reported current episode duration longer than six months. In all, four of 10 completed the study; no significant adverse events were observed, although one subject discontinued treatment per protocol because of possible hypomanic symptoms which had resolved prior to study visit. In a mixed-effects model, mean improvement in depression severity, assessed by MADRS, was 2.1 (standard error = 0.36) points/week (p < 0.001). Two of the 10 subjects remitted and four of the 10 subjects experienced 50% or greater symptomatic improvement with treatment.
Isradipine merits further investigation for the treatment of bipolar depression. This preliminary trial illustrates the potential utility of genetic investigation in identifying psychiatric treatment targets.