Moving Toward Patient-Centered Care: Women's Decisions, Perceptions, and Experiences of the Induction of Labor Process

Authors

  • Jennifer E. Moore PhD, RN,

    Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Fellow, Corresponding author
    1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    • Address correspondence to Jennifer E. Moore, PhD, RN, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 540 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD, USA, 20850.

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  • Lisa Kane Low PhD, CNM, FACNM,

    Associate Professor and Midwifery Program Coordinator
    1. University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
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  • Marita G. Titler PhD, RN, FAAN,

    Associate Dean, Professor and Division Chair
    1. University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
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  • Vanessa K. Dalton MD, MPH,

    Associate Professor
    1. Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
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  • Carolyn M. Sampselle PhD, RN, FAAN

    Professor and Director
    1. Community Engagement, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
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Abstract

Background

Patient preferences and clinician practices are possible causative factors to explain the increase in induction of labor, but scientific studies that demonstrate this link are limited. The purpose of this study is to identify factors that influence inductions from the perspective of women.

Methods

A qualitative investigation using grounded theory methodology was conducted. Women were interviewed preinduction and postinduction. Analysis of the interviews was conducted using constant comparison to identify codes, categories, and themes. Through this process the complex intersection between women, their clinician, and the application of evidence-based care in clinical practice was explored.

Results

Five major themes from the preinduction interview were identified; safety of baby, women's trust in their clinician, relief of discomfort and/or anxiety, diminish potential or actual risk, and lack of informed decision making. Five major themes were identified from the postinduction interview; lack of informed decision making, induction as part of a checklist, women's trust in their clinician, happy with induction, and opportunities to improve the experience.

Conclusions

Lack of informed decision making was cited as a barrier to optimal care. This study has important implications for patient-centered research and clinical care, requiring the inclusion of women and the salient concepts of care that they identify.

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