Special Section Paper
The development and application of compassion-focused therapy for eating disorders (CFT-E)
Version of Record online: 21 FEB 2014
© 2014 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 53, Issue 1, pages 62–77, March 2014
How to Cite
Goss, K. and Allan, S. (2014), The development and application of compassion-focused therapy for eating disorders (CFT-E). British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53: 62–77. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12039
- Issue online: 21 FEB 2014
- Version of Record online: 21 FEB 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 14 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Received: 30 MAY 2013
- Compassion-focused therapy;
- eating disorders;
- eating disorder treatment
This article outlines specific developments in compassion-focused therapy (CFT) for the treatment of patients with an eating disorder.
The article provides a narrative review based on the existing literature and current practices of CFT for eating disorders (CFT-E).
The role of shame, self-criticism, self-directed hostility, and difficulties in generating and experiencing affiliative emotion in patients with an eating disorder is highlighted. The article describes how CFT-E uniquely addresses these issues and discusses the current evidence base for CFT-E. It also provides an outline of recent and potential future developments in CFT-E.
CFT-E offers a promising treatment for adult outpatients who present to specialist eating disorder services with restricting and binge/purging eating disorders. Recent developments include treatment protocols for patients who are low weight and have an eating disorder and for those presenting with obesity.
- CFT-E is a group-based treatment for adult outpatients with restricting or binge/purging eating disorders attending specialist services.
- CFT-E has a specific protocol and interventions to address the biological, psychological, and social challenges of recovery from an eating disorder.
- CFT-E specifically addresses the high levels of shame and self-criticism commonly experienced by patients with an eating disorder.