Funding sources No external funding.
Juvenile spring eruption: an outbreak report and systematic review of the literature
Article first published online: 25 APR 2013
© 2013 The Authors. BJD © 2013 British Association of Dermatologists
British Journal of Dermatology
Volume 168, Issue 5, pages 1066–1072, May 2013
How to Cite
Lava, S.A.G., Simonetti, G.D., Ragazzi, M., Guarino Gubler, S. and Bianchetti, M.G. (2013), Juvenile spring eruption: an outbreak report and systematic review of the literature. British Journal of Dermatology, 168: 1066–1072. doi: 10.1111/bjd.12197
Conflicts of interest None declared.
- Issue published online: 25 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 25 APR 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 1 FEB 2013 10:25AM EST
- Accepted for publication 6 November 2012
Background Juvenile spring eruption of the helices of the ears is a distinctive sun-induced condition appearing on the light-exposed skin of the ears, typically in boys and young men in early spring.
Objectives To determine clinical features and outcome of juvenile spring eruption of the ears.
Methods We report a new outbreak in 14 Swiss-Italian children. A systematic search of the literature was also performed.
Results Five outbreaks in children involved a total of 203 cases (boys, 72%), and three outbreaks in young adults involved 223 male subjects. A further 54 sporadic cases were found: 41 among children (boys, 97%) and 13 among young adult males. The typical presentation included itching and diffuse erythema of both ears starting in the evening after exposure to bright sunlight during cold weather, followed within 24–48 h by papules or blisters. No other organ system was involved. The subjects recovered spontaneously without sequelae within 1–2 weeks. In New Zealand, among 162 school-aged boys, 20 developed the condition.
Conclusions A limitation is that the analysis was based upon the scanty available literature. Juvenile spring eruption is a self-limiting and generally easy recognizable variant of polymorphic light eruption. Outbreaks tend to appear on sunny and cold spring days. Paediatricians and general practitioners might rapidly develop the skills necessary to clinically appreciate this condition.