Prognostic factors associated with healing of venous leg ulcers: a multicentre, prospective, cohort study

Authors


  • Funding sources The study was funded by a grant from the French Society of Dermatology in 2003 and was accorded a research grant from Servier Medical, France, in 2003.
  • Conflicts of interest P.S. has received consulting fees from Servier and Sanofi, and fees from Urgo and Pierre Fabre as an investigator in clinical studies on venous ulcer dressings; G.C. has received fees from Urgo Medical as an investigator; F.T. has received fees from Urgo as an investigator and expert; P.C. has received fees from Urgo and Coloplast as an expert; C.L. has received consulting fees from Actelion, Servier, Coloplast, Urgo, Pierre Fabre and Mölnlycke Healthcare as an investigator in clinical studies on venous ulcer dressings.

Summary

Background

Some prognostic markers of venous leg ulcer (VLU) healing have been evaluated, mostly in retrospective studies.

Objectives

To identify which clinical characteristics, among those known as possible prognostic factors of VLU healing, and which VLU-associated sociodemographic and psychological factors, are associated with complete healing at week 24 (W24).

Methods

A prospective, multicentre, cohort study was conducted in 22 French dermatology departments between September 2003 and December 2007. The end point was comparison between healed and nonhealed VLUs at W24, for patient clinical and biological characteristics; psychological, cognitive and social assessments; affected leg inclusion characteristics; venous insufficiency treatment and percentage of initial wound area reduction during follow-up.

Results

In total, 104 VLUs in 104 patients were included; 94 were analysed. The mean VLU area and duration were 36·8 ± 55·5 cm2 and 24·8 ± 45·7 months, respectively. At W24, 41/94 VLUs were healed. Univariate analysis significantly associated complete healing with superficial venous surgery (= 0·001), adherence to compression therapy at W4 (= 0·03) and W24 (= 0·01), ankle-joint ankylosis (= 0·01) and mean percentage of VLU area reduction at W4 (= 0·04). Multivariate analysis retained superficial venous surgery during follow-up [odds ratio (OR) 8·4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·9–48·2] and percentage reduction of the VLU area at W4 (OR 1·6, 95% CI 1·0–2·14) as being independently associated with healing.

Conclusions

These results indicate that complete healing of long-standing, large VLUs is independently associated with ablation of the incompetent superficial vein and percentage of wound area reduction after the first 4 weeks of treatment.

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