Clinical pearls from atopic dermatitis and its infectious complications


  • Funding sources This work was supported by an unrestricted grant from Pierre Fabre Dermo-Cosmétique, France.
  • Conflicts of interest The author reports no conflict of interest.


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is clinically very heterogeneous and these differences can cause confusion. Differential diagnosis is also complicated by co-infections, particularly in infancy and early childhood. This paper describes the stages and differential diagnosis during the various stages of childhood. The authors also provide advice on how to distinguish between AD and other disorders together with guidance on tackling common issues with treatment such as steroid phobia.