Reactive aggression and peer victimization from pre-kindergarten to first grade: Accounting for hyperactivity and teacher–child conflict
Article first published online: 3 MAY 2014
© 2014 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Educational Psychology
Volume 84, Issue 4, pages 537–555, December 2014
How to Cite
Runions, K. C. (2014), Reactive aggression and peer victimization from pre-kindergarten to first grade: Accounting for hyperactivity and teacher–child conflict. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 84: 537–555. doi: 10.1111/bjep.12037
- Issue published online: 12 NOV 2014
- Article first published online: 3 MAY 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 26 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 26 JUN 2013
- Healthway, the Western Australian Health Promotion Agency
- elementary school;
- peer victimization;
- T–C relationships
The role of reactive aggression in the development of peer victimization remains unclear due in part to a failure to account for confounding problems of behavioural undercontrol (e.g., hyperactivity). As well, the school social context has rarely been examined to see whether these risks are mediated by relationships with teachers.
This study tests the prospective relations between reactive aggression, hyperactivity, victimization, and teacher–child (T-C) relationship, to determine whether conflict mediates the relationships between externalizing problems and victimization.
A sample of 1,114 Australian students were followed from pre-kindergarten through first grade.
Cross-lagged path analyses were conducted, with comparison of gender-moderating models and autocorrelation models. Full-information maximum likelihood was deployed to account for missingness.
Best fitting models found that the relationship of early externalizing problems to later victimization was mediated by T-C conflict. No evidence of victimization increasing externalizing problems nor gender differences were observed. T–C conflict in kindergarten predicted subsequent increases in victimization, reactive aggression, and hyperactivity.
Understanding the processes whereby externalizing problems confer risk of victimization involves understanding the whole social context of classrooms, including relationships with teachers. Finer-grained research is needed to better understand how peer dynamics may be influenced by observation of T–C relationships. Pre-service teacher education needs to ensure a focus on the potential social impact of teacher's relationships with students.