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Hospital Numerical Flexibility and Nurse Economic Security in China and India


  • Note: correction added on 9 September 2013 following initial online publication on 8 April 2013. The list of author names for this article has been amended to include Cherrie Zhu. Nyland, Hartel and Vu apologise for the original omission.


This article contrasts the flexibility of Chinese and Indian urban hospitals and the security of nurses. The study draws on a survey of 55 urban hospitals, and finds that national context generates different flexibility–security outcomes even when workers with similar skills are considered. Our findings support claims that China is constructing a flexibility–security regime that aims to promote both security and flexibility, and that India remains attached to employer-based social protection, but challenges the claim that economic growth is higher in China because India's employers have relatively less capacity to utilize labour-time as they wish.