After the first four authors, the remaining authors are listed alphabetically by the last name of our primary contact at the university. Nicolas Kervyn is now at Centre Emile Berheim, Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, ULB, Belgium; Ananthi Al Ramiah is now at Yale-NUS College, Singapore; Juan Manuel Contreras is now at Harvard University, USA; Gregory Bonn is now at Monash University Sunway Campus, Malaysia; Janine Bosak is now at Dublin City University Business School, Ireland.
Nations' income inequality predicts ambivalence in stereotype content: How societies mind the gap
Article first published online: 5 OCT 2012
© 2012 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 52, Issue 4, pages 726–746, December 2013
How to Cite
Durante, F., Fiske, S. T., Kervyn, N., Cuddy, A. J. C., Akande, A., Adetoun, B. E., Adewuyi, M. F., Tserere, M. M., Ramiah, A. A., Mastor, K. A., Barlow, F. K., Bonn, G., Tafarodi, R. W., Bosak, J., Cairns, E., Doherty, C., Capozza, D., Chandran, A., Chryssochoou, X., Iatridis, T., Contreras, J. M., Costa-Lopes, R., González, R., Lewis, J. I., Tushabe, G., Leyens, J.-P., Mayorga, R., Rouhana, N. N., Castro, V. S., Perez, R., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Moya, M., Morales Marente, E., Palacios Gálvez, M., Sibley, C. G., Asbrock, F. and Storari, C. C. (2013), Nations' income inequality predicts ambivalence in stereotype content: How societies mind the gap. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52: 726–746. doi: 10.1111/bjso.12005
- Issue published online: 4 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 5 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 22 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 4 AUG 2011
Income inequality undermines societies: The more inequality, the more health problems, social tensions, and the lower social mobility, trust, life expectancy. Given people's tendency to legitimate existing social arrangements, the stereotype content model (SCM) argues that ambivalence―perceiving many groups as either warm or competent, but not both―may help maintain socio-economic disparities. The association between stereotype ambivalence and income inequality in 37 cross-national samples from Europe, the Americas, Oceania, Asia, and Africa investigates how groups' overall warmth-competence, status-competence, and competition-warmth correlations vary across societies, and whether these variations associate with income inequality (Gini index). More unequal societies report more ambivalent stereotypes, whereas more equal ones dislike competitive groups and do not necessarily respect them as competent. Unequal societies may need ambivalence for system stability: Income inequality compensates groups with partially positive social images.