Robotics and Laparoscopy
Robot-assisted laparoscopic vs open radical cystectomy: comparison of complications and perioperative oncological outcomes in 200 patients
Article first published online: 1 JUL 2013
© 2013 BJU International
Volume 112, Issue 4, pages E290–E294, August 2013
How to Cite
Kader, A. K., Richards, K. A., Krane, L. S., Pettus, J. A., Smith, J. J. and Hemal, A. K. (2013), Robot-assisted laparoscopic vs open radical cystectomy: comparison of complications and perioperative oncological outcomes in 200 patients. BJU International, 112: E290–E294. doi: 10.1111/bju.12167
- Issue published online: 23 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 1 JUL 2013
- bladder cancer;
- To compare perioperative morbidity and oncological outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy (RARC) to open RC (ORC) at a single institution.
Patients and Methods
- A retrospective analysis was performed on a consecutive series of patients undergoing RC (100 RARC and 100 ORC) at Wake Forest University with curative intent from 2006 until 2010.
- Complication data using the Clavien system were collected for 90 days postoperatively.
- Complications and other perioperative outcomes were compared between patient groups.
- Patients in both groups had comparable preoperative characteristics.
- The overall and major complication (Clavien ≥3) rates were lower for RARC patients at 35 vs 57% (P = 0.001) and 10 vs 22% (P = 0.019), respectively.
- There were no significant differences between groups for pathological outcomes, including stage, number of nodes harvested or positive margin rates.
- Our data suggest that patients undergoing RARC have perioperative oncological outcomes comparable with ORC, with fewer overall or major complications.
- Definitive claims about comparative outcomes with RARC require results from larger, randomised controlled trials.