• 1
    Siegel R, Ward E, Brawley O, Jemal A. Cancer statistics, 2011: the impact of eliminating socioeconomic and racial disparities on premature cancer deaths. CA Cancer J Clin 2011; 61: 212236
  • 2
    Campbell SC, Novick AC, Belldegrun A et al. Guideline for management of the clinical T1 renal mass. J Urol 2009; 182: 12711279
  • 3
    Ljungberg B, Cowan NC, Hanbury DC et al. EAU guidelines on renal cell carcinoma: the 2010 update. Eur Urol 2010; 58: 398406
  • 4
    Gill IS, Matin SF, Desai MM et al. Comparative analysis of laparoscopic versus open partial nephrectomy for renal tumors in 200 patients. J Urol 2003; 170: 6468
  • 5
    Heuer R, Gill IS, Guazzoni G et al. A critical analysis of the actual role of minimally invasive surgery and active surveillance for kidney cancer. Eur Urol 2010; 57: 223232
  • 6
    Pearson SD, Kleefield SF, Soukop JR, Cook EF, Lee TH. Critical pathways intervention to reduce length of hospital stay. Am J Med 2001; 110: 175180
  • 7
    Dindo D, Demartines N, Clavien PA. Classification of surgical complications: a new proposal with evaluation in a cohort of 6336 patients and results of a survey. Ann Surg 2004; 240: 205213
  • 8
    Chughtai B, Abraham C, Finn D, Rosenberg S, Yarlagadda B, Perrotti M. Fast track open partial nephrectomy: reduced postoperative length of stay with a goal-directed pathway does not compromise outcome. Adv Urol 2008; 507543
  • 9
    Nogueira L, Katz D, Pinochet R et al. Critical evaluation of perioperative complications in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Urology 2010; 75: 288294
  • 10
    Parker PA, Swartz R, Fellman B et al. Comprehensive assessment of quality of life and psychosocial adjustment in patients with renal tumors undergoing open, laparoscopic and nephron sparing surgery. J Urol 2012; 187: 822826
  • 11
    Gill IS, Kavoussi LR, Lane BR et al. Comparison of 1,800 laparoscopic and open partial nephrectomies for single renal tumors. J Urol 2007; 178: 4146
  • 12
    Marszalek M, Meixl H, Polajnar M, Rauchenwald M, Jeschke K, Madersbacher S. Laparoscopic and open partial nephrectomy: a matched-pair comparison of 200 patients. Eur Urol 2009; 55: 11711178
  • 13
    Sun M, Abdollah F, Shariat SF et al. Propensity-score matched comparison of complications, blood transfusions, length of stay, and in-hospital mortality between open and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: a national series. Eur J Surg Oncol 2012; 38: 8087
  • 14
    Lee S, Oh J, Hong SK, Lee SE, Byun SS. Open versus robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: effect on clinical outcome. J Endourol 2011; 25: 11811185
  • 15
    Benway BM, Bhayani SB, Rogers CG et al. Robot assisted partial nephrectomy versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal tumors: a multi-institutional analysis of perioperative outcomes. J Urol 2009; 182: 866872
  • 16
    Wang AJ, Bhayani SB. Robotic partial nephrectomy versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma: single-surgeon analysis of >100 consecutive procedures. Urology 2009; 73: 306310
  • 17
    Abaza R, Shah K. A single overnight stay is possible for most patients undergoing robotic partial nephrectomy. Urology 2013; 81: 301307
  • 18
    Bultitude MF, Murphy D, Challacombe B et al. Patient perception of robotic urology. BJU Int 2009; 103: 285286
  • 19
    Schroeck FR, Krupski TL, Stewart SB et al. Pretreatment expectations of patients undergoing robotic assisted laparoscopic or open retropubic radical prostatectomy. J Urol 2012; 187: 894898