• live case demonstration;
  • surgical education;
  • surgical video;
  • policy


  • To evaluate perspectives of urologists viewing live case demonstrations (LCD) and taped case demonstrations (TCD).


  • A 15-question anonymous survey was distributed to attendees of the live surgery session at the American Urological Association 2012 national meeting (Atlanta) and the second International Challenges in Endourology meeting (Paris).


  • Of 1000 surveys distributed, 253 were returned completed (response rate 25%). Nearly half of respondents were in the academic practice setting and nearly 75% were beyond training.
  • Just over 30% had performed a LCD previously. The perceived benefit of an LCD was greater than unedited and edited videos (chi-squared P = 0.014 and P < 0.001, respectively). Nearly no one selected ‘not helpful’ and a few selected ‘minimally helpful’ for any of the three forms of demonstration.
  • Most respondents identified that opportunity to ask questions (61%) and having access to the full unedited version (72%), two features inherent to LCD, improved upon the educational benefit of edited videos.
  • Most (78%) identified LCD as ethical. However, those that did not perceived lower educational benefit from LCD (P = 0.019).
  • A slim majority (58%) would allow themselves or a family member to be a patient of a LCD and the vast majority (86%) plan to transfer knowledge gained at the LCD session into their practice.


  • Urologists who attended these LCD sessions identified LCDs as beneficial and applicable to their practice.
  • LCDs are preferred over videos. The large majority considers LCD ethical, although not as many would volunteer themselves for LCD.
  • Further studies are necessary to determine if there is actual benefit from LCD over TCD to patient care.