These results are protected by a patent at the Spanish Office of Patents and Trademarks (Reference: P201131992)
Upper Urinary Tract
The protective role of coenzyme Q10 in renal injury associated with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy: a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2014
© 2013 The Authors. BJU International © 2013 BJU International
Volume 113, Issue 6, pages 942–950, June 2014
How to Cite
Carrasco, J., Anglada, F. J., Campos, J. P., Muntané, J., Requena, M. J. and Padillo, J. (2014), The protective role of coenzyme Q10 in renal injury associated with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy: a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial. BJU International, 113: 942–950. doi: 10.1111/bju.12485
- Issue published online: 6 JUN 2014
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2013 07:06AM EST
- coenzyme Q10;
- extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL);
- renal function;
- oxidative stress;
- To determine the efficacy of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in preventing renal injury in patients with lithiasis undergoing extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL).
Patients and Methods
- Prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 100 patients with renal lithiasis who were treated with ESWL.
- The patients were distributed randomly into two groups receiving either placebo or CoQ10 (200 mg/day), a powerful antioxidant with vasoactive properties, orally administered during the week before ESWL and for 1 week after.
- Renal dysfunction markers, vasoactive hormones, oxidative stress, plasma levels of several interleukins and vascular resistance index (VRI) using Doppler ultrasound were evaluated the week before ESWL, 2 h before ESWL and at 2 h, 24 h and 7 days after ESWL.
- There was a significant increase in glomerular filtration (P = 0.013), as well as a decrease in the albumin/creatinine ratio and the β2-microglobulin level (P = 0.02) after 1 week of treatment in the CoQ10 group. These changes were maintained at the follow-up after ESWL.
- The administration of CoQ10 was associated with improvement in vasoactive hormone parameters, VRI and interleukin levels. These improvements were maintained until the end of the follow-up period.
- However, the administration of CoQ10 was not associated with significant changes in the oxidative stress parameters.
- Our results indicate that CoQ10 administration improves renal function and vasoactive and inflammation parameter values, allowing for preconditioning before the tissue insult caused by ESWL.