• 1
    Kirkali Z, Van Poppel H. A critical analysis of surgery for kidney cancer with vena cava invasion. Eur Urol 2007; 52: 658662
  • 2
    Blute ML, Leibovich BC, Lohse CM, Cheville JC, Zincke H. The Mayo Clinic experience with surgical management, complications and outcome for patients with renal cell carcinoma and venous tumour thrombus. BJU Int 2004; 94: 3341
  • 3
    Klatte T, Pantuck AJ, Riggs SB et al. Prognostic factors for renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus extension. J Urol 2007; 178: 11891195; discussion 1195
  • 4
    Wagner B, Patard JJ, Mejean A et al. Prognostic value of renal vein and inferior vena cava involvement in renal cell carcinoma. Eur Urol 2009; 55: 452459
  • 5
    Lang H, Lindner V, Letourneux H, Martin M, Saussine C, Jacqmin D. Prognostic value of microscopic venous invasion in renal cell carcinoma: long-term follow-up. Eur Urol 2004; 46: 331335
  • 6
    Zini L, Destrieux-Garnier L, Leroy X et al. Renal vein ostium wall invasion of renal cell carcinoma with an inferior vena cava tumor thrombus: prediction by renal and vena caval vein diameters and prognostic significance. J Urol 2008; 179: 450454; discussion 454
  • 7
    Zugor V, Labanaris AP, Lausen B, Schott GE. Inferior vena cava involvement in renal cell carcinoma: comparison of survival rates between patients with thrombus and infiltration. Scand J Urol Nephrol 2008; 42: 3539
  • 8
    Hatcher PA, Anderson EE, Paulson DF, Carson CC, Robertson JE. Surgical management and prognosis of renal cell carcinoma invading the vena cava. J Urol 1991; 145: 2023; discussion 23–4
  • 9
    Ciancio G, Gonzalez J, Shirodkar SP, Angulo JC, Soloway MS. Liver transplantation techniques for the surgical management of renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava: step-by-step description. Eur Urol 2011; 59: 401406
  • 10
    Caso J, Seigne J, Back M, Spiess PE, Pow-Sang J, Sexton WJ. Circumferential resection of the inferior vena cava for primary and recurrent malignant tumors. J Urol 2009; 182: 887893
  • 11
    Blute ML, Boorjian SA, Leibovich BC, Lohse CM, Frank I, Karnes RJ. Results of inferior vena caval interruption by greenfield filter, ligation or resection during radical nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy. J Urol 2007; 178: 440445; discussion 444
  • 12
    Abaza R. Robotic surgery and minimally invasive management of renal tumors with vena caval extension. Curr Opin Urol 2011; 21: 104109
  • 13
    Minervini A, Salinitri G, Lera J, Caldarelli C, Caramella D, Minervini R. Solitary floating vena caval thrombus as a late recurrence of renal cell carcinoma. Int J Urol 2004; 11: 239242
  • 14
    Jonasch E, Tannir NM. Targeted therapy for locally advanced renal cell carcinoma. Target Oncol 2010; 5: 113118
  • 15
    Moch H, Artibani W, Delahunt B et al. Reassessing the current UICC/AJCC TNM staging for renal cell carcinoma. Eur Urol 2009; 56: 636643
  • 16
    Margulis V, Tamboli P, Matin SF, Meisner M, Swanson DA, Wood CG. Redefining pT3 renal cell carcinoma in the modern era: a proposal for a revision of the current TNM primary tumor classification system. Cancer 2007; 109: 24392444
  • 17
    Ficarra V, Galfano A, Guille F et al. A new staging system for locally advanced (pT3-4) renal cell carcinoma: a multicenter European study including 2,000 patients. J Urol 2007; 178: 418424; discussion 423–4
  • 18
    Fujita T, Iwamura M, Yanagisawa N et al. Prognostic impact of perirenal fat or adrenal gland involvement in patients with pT3b renal cell carcinoma. Urology 2007; 69: 839842
  • 19
    Kim KH, You D, Jeong IG et al. Type II papillary histology predicts poor outcome in patients with renal cell carcinoma and vena cava thrombus. BJU Int 2012; 110: E673678
  • 20
    Margulis V, Tamboli P, Matin SF, Swanson DA, Wood CG. Analysis of clinicopathologic predictors of oncologic outcome provides insight into the natural history of surgically managed papillary renal cell carcinoma. Cancer 2008; 112: 14801488
  • 21
    Bocardo Fajardo G, Arellano Ganan R, Gonzalez Lopez L et al. Prognostic significance of the microscopic invasion of the renal vein wall in renal cell cancer. Arch Esp Urol 2009; 62: 630638
  • 22
    Sevinc M, Kirkali Z, Yorukoglu K, Mungan U, Sade M. Prognostic significance of microvascular invasion in localized renal cell carcinoma. Eur Urol 2000; 38: 728733