• 1
    Melnyk M, Casey RG, Black P, Koupparis AJ. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols: time to change practice? Can Urol Assoc J 2011; 5: 342348
  • 2
    Philpott M, Ferguson LR. Immunonutrition and cancer. Mutat Res 2004; 551: 2942
  • 3
    Arumainayagam N, McGrath J, Jefferson KP, Gillatt DA. Introduction of an enhanced recovery protocol for radical cystectomy. BJU Int 2008; 101: 698701
  • 4
    Novotny V, Hakenberg OW, Wiessner D et al. Perioperative complications of radical cystectomy in a contemporary series. Eur Urol 2007; 51: 397401; discussion 401-2
  • 5
    Shabsigh A, Korets R, Vora KC et al. Defining early morbidity of radical cystectomy for patients with bladder cancer using a standardized reporting methodology. Eur Urol 2009; 55: 164174
  • 6
    Klek S, Sierzega M, Szybinski P et al. The immunomodulating enteral nutrition in malnourished surgical patients – a prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial. Clin Nutr 2011; 30: 282288
  • 7
    Weimann A, Braga M, Harsanyi L et al. ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: surgery including organ transplantation. Clin Nutr 2006; 25: 224244
  • 8
    Marik PE, Zaloga GP. Immunonutrition in high-risk surgical patients: a systematic review and analysis of the literature. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2010; 34: 378386
  • 9
    Osland E, Hossain MB, Khan S, Memon MA. Effect of timing of pharmaconutrition (immunonutrition) administration on outcomes of elective surgery for gastrointestinal malignancies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2013; doi: 10.1177/0148607112474825
  • 10
    Nespoli L, Coppola S, Gianotti L. The role of the enteral route and the composition of feeds in the nutritional support of malnourished surgical patients. Nutrients 2012; 4: 12301236
  • 11
    Heys SD, Walker LG, Smith I, Eremin O. Enteral nutritional supplementation with key nutrients in patients with critical illness and cancer: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials. Ann Surg 1999; 229: 467477
  • 12
    Waitzberg DL, Saito H, Plank LD et al. Postsurgical infections are reduced with specialized nutrition support. World J Surg 2006; 30: 15921604
  • 13
    Zhang Y, Gu Y, Guo T, Li Y, Cai H. Perioperative immunonutrition for gastrointestinal cancer: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Surg Oncol 2012; 21: e8795
  • 14
    Daly JM, Weintraub FN, Shou J, Rosato EF, Lucia M. Enteral nutrition during multimodality therapy in upper gastrointestinal cancer patients. Ann Surg 1995; 221: 327338
  • 15
    Drover JW, Dhaliwal R, Weitzel L, Wischmeyer PE, Ochoa JB, Heyland DK. Perioperative use of arginine-supplemented diets: a systematic review of the evidence. J Am Coll Surg 2011; 212: 385399, 399 e1
  • 16
    Abunnaja S, Cuviello A, Sanchez JA. Enteral and parenteral nutrition in the perioperative period: state of the art. Nutrients 2013; 5: 608623
  • 17
    Yang H, Soderholm JD, Larsson J, Permert J, Lindgren J, Wiren M. Bidirectional supply of glutamine maintains enterocyte ATP content in the in vitro using chamber model. Int J Colorectal Dis 2000; 15: 291296
  • 18
    Alivizatos V, Athanasopoulos P, Makris N, Karageorgos N. Early postoperative glutamine-supplemented parenteral nutrition versus enteral immunonutrition in cancer patients undergoing major gastrointestinal surgery. J BUON 2005; 10: 119122
  • 19
    Roth B, Birkhauser FD, Zehnder P et al. Parenteral nutrition does not improve postoperative recovery from radical cystectomy: results of a prospective randomised trial. Eur Urol 2013; 63: 475482
  • 20
    Fujitani K, Tsujinaka T, Fujita J et al. Prospective randomized trial of preoperative enteral immunonutrition followed by elective total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Br J Surg 2012; 99: 621629
  • 21
    Klek S, Kulig J, Sierzega M et al. The impact of immunostimulating nutrition on infectious complications after upper gastrointestinal surgery: a prospective, randomized, clinical trial. Ann Surg 2008; 248: 212220
  • 22
    Heslin MJ, Latkany L, Leung D et al. A prospective, randomized trial of early enteral feeding after resection of upper gastrointestinal malignancy. Ann Surg 1997; 226: 567577; discussion 577-80
  • 23
    Klek S, Sierzega M, Szybinski P et al. Perioperative nutrition in malnourished surgical cancer patients – a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Clin Nutr 2011; 30: 708713
  • 24
    Cerantola Y, Hubner M, Grass F, Demartines N, Schafer M. Immunonutrition in gastrointestinal surgery. Br J Surg 2011; 98: 3748
  • 25
    Maffezzini M, Gerbi G, Campodonico F, Parodi D. Multimodal perioperative plan for radical cystectomy and intestinal urinary diversion. I. Effect on recovery of intestinal function and occurrence of complications. Urology 2007; 69: 11071111
  • 26
    Braga M, Gianotti L, Vignali A, Carlo VD. Preoperative oral arginine and n-3 fatty acid supplementation improves the immunometabolic host response and outcome after colorectal resection for cancer. Surgery 2002; 132: 805814
  • 27
    Braga M, Gianotti L, Nespoli L, Radaelli G, Di Carlo V. Nutritional approach in malnourished surgical patients: a prospective randomized study. Arch Surg 2002; 137: 174180
  • 28
    Braga M, Gianotti L, Radaelli G et al. Perioperative immunonutrition in patients undergoing cancer surgery: results of a randomized double-blind phase 3 trial. Arch Surg 1999; 134: 428433
  • 29
    Gianotti L, Braga M, Fortis C et al. A prospective, randomized clinical trial on perioperative feeding with an arginine-, omega-3 fatty acid-, and RNA-enriched enteral diet: effect on host response and nutritional status. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1999; 23: 314320
  • 30
    Xu J, Zhong Y, Jing D, Wu Z. Preoperative enteral immunonutrition improves postoperative outcome in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. World J Surg 2006; 30: 12841289
  • 31
    Hubner M, Cerantola Y, Grass F, Bertrand PC, Schafer M, Demartines N. Preoperative immunonutrition in patients at nutritional risk: results of a double-blinded randomized clinical trial. Eur J Clin Nutr 2012; 66: 850855
  • 32
    Aghazadeh MA, Barocas DA, Salem S et al. Determining factors for hospital discharge status after radical cystectomy in a large contemporary cohort. J Urol 2011; 185: 8589
  • 33
    Gregg JR, Cookson MS, Phillips S et al. Effect of preoperative nutritional deficiency on mortality after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. J Urol 2011; 185: 9096
  • 34
    Lambert JW, Ingham M, Gibbs BB, Given RW, Lance RS, Riggs SB. Using preoperative albumin levels as a surrogate marker for outcomes after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. Urology 2013; 81: 587592
  • 35
    Hollenbeck BK, Miller DC, Taub DA et al. The effects of adjusting for case mix on mortality and length of stay following radical cystectomy. J Urol 2006; 176: 13631368
  • 36
    Karl A, Rittler P, Buchner A et al. Prospective assessment of malnutrition in urologic patients. Urology 2009; 73: 10721076
  • 37
    Karl A, Staehler M, Bauer R et al. Malnutrition and clinical outcome in urological patients. Eur J Med Res 2011; 16: 469472
  • 38
    Cerantola Y, Valerio M, Hubner M, Iglesias K, Vaucher L, Jichlinski P. Are patients at nutritional risk more prone to complications after major urological surgery? J Urol 2013; 190: 21262132
  • 39
    Mohler JL, Flanigan RC. The effect of nutritional status and support on morbidity and mortality of bladder cancer patients treated by radical cystectomy. J Urol 1987; 137: 404407
  • 40
    Terry WJ, Bueschen AJ. Complications of radical cystectomy and correlation with nutritional assessment. Urology 1986; 27: 229232
  • 41
    Enig B, Winther E, Hessov I. Nutritional status of patients with cancer of the bladder before and during radiation therapy. Influence on survival? Radiother Oncol 1986; 5: 277285
  • 42
    Maffezzini M, Gerbi G, Campodonico F, Parodi D. A multimodal perioperative plan for radical cystectomy and urinary intestinal diversion: effects, limits and complications of early artificial nutrition. J Urol 2006; 176: 945948; discussion 948-9
  • 43
    Maffezzini M, Campodonico F, Canepa G, Gerbi G, Parodi D. Current perioperative management of radical cystectomy with intestinal urinary reconstruction for muscle-invasive bladder cancer and reduction of the incidence of postoperative ileus. Surg Oncol 2008; 17: 4148
  • 44
    Maffezzini M, Campodonico F, Capponi G, Manuputty E, Gerbi G. Fast-track surgery and technical nuances to reduce complications after radical cystectomy and intestinal urinary diversion with the modified Indiana pouch. Surg Oncol 2012; 21: 191195
  • 45
    Maffezzini M, Gerbi G, Campodonico F et al. Peri-operative management of ablative and reconstructive surgery for invasive bladder cancer in the elderly. Surg Oncol 2004; 13: 197200
  • 46
    Gianotti L, Braga M, Nespoli L, Radaelli G, Beneduce A, Di Carlo V. A randomized controlled trial of preoperative oral supplementation with a specialized diet in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. Gastroenterology 2002; 122: 17631770