The impact of perioperative blood transfusion on survival after nephrectomy for non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC)
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2014
© 2013 The Authors. BJU International © 2013 BJU International
Volume 114, Issue 3, pages 368–374, September 2014
How to Cite
Linder, B. J., Thompson, R. H., Leibovich, B. C., Cheville, J. C., Lohse, C. M., Gastineau, D. A. and Boorjian, S. A. (2014), The impact of perioperative blood transfusion on survival after nephrectomy for non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). BJU International, 114: 368–374. doi: 10.1111/bju.12535
- Issue published online: 25 AUG 2014
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 29 OCT 2013 04:44AM EST
- renal cell carcinoma (RCC);
- kidney cancer;
- To evaluate the association of perioperative blood transfusion (PBT) with survival after nephrectomy.
Patients and Methods
- We identified 2318 patients who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy at Mayo Clinic between 1990 and 2006.
- PBT was defined as transfusion of allogenic red blood cells during surgery or postoperative hospitalisation.
- Survival was estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method and compared with the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to evaluate the association of PBT with outcome.
- In all, 498 patients (21%) received a PBT. The median (interquartile range) number of units transfused was 3 (2, 5).
- Patients receiving a PBT were significantly older at surgery (P < 0.001), more likely to be female (P < 0.001), with more frequent symptomatic presentation (P < 0.001), worse Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (P < 0.001), and more frequent adverse pathological features, such as high nuclear grade (P < 0.001), locally-advanced tumour stage (P < 0.001) and lymph node invasion (P < 0.001).
- The median follow-up was 9.1 years. Receipt of a PBT was associated with adverse 5-year cancer-specific (68% vs 92%; P < 0.001) and overall (56% vs 82%; P < 0.001) survival.
- On multivariate analyses, PBT remained associated with higher risk of death from any cause (hazard ratio [HR] 1.23; P = 0.02).
- Among patients who received a PBT, an increasing number of units transfused was independently associated with increased all-cause mortality (HR 1.08; P = 0.001).
- PBT is associated with a significantly increased risk of mortality after nephrectomy. While external validation is needed, continued efforts to minimise the use of blood products in these patients are warranted.