Get access

Late Ediacaran syn-rift/post-rift transition and related fault-driven hydrothermal systems in the Anti-Atlas Mountains, Morocco


Correspondence: J.J. Álvaro, Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC/INTA), Ctra. de Torrejón a Ajalvir, km 4, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Spain. E-mail:


The syn-rift/post-rift transition of the late Ediacaran-mid Cambrian Atlas rift is characterized by the interplay of several processes, such as a widespread episode of fracturing and tilting, associated with encasement of fault-controlled vein metallic ore deposits of economic importance, and carbonate production and phosphogenesis (Taguedit Bed, Tabia Member) bordering rift-flank uplifts. A correlatable unconformity marks the end of these processes and the beginning of a thermal subsidence-dominated regime with development of a more stable, carbonate, peritidal-dominated platform (Tifnout Member). Late Ediacaran microbial carbonate production and phosphogenesis extended in discontinuous belts around the periphery of uplifted rift shoulders and flanks. Karst development is interpreted to have formed along synsedimentary faults and fractures during abrupt tectonic uplift associated with emplacement of polymetallic hydrothermal dikes (rich in Cu, Fe and subsidiary Pb, Zn). Isotopic analysis indicates that speleothem precipitation in karstic palaeocaves displays significantly lighter δ13C and δ18O values as compared to the host dolomite, implying calcite precipitation by terrestrial fluids rich in decomposing organic matter and/or microbial activity in the cave system.

Get access to the full text of this article