Dedicated to our colleague Al Grant, who passed away on June 14, 2012.
Magnetic anomalies associated with salt tectonism, deep structure and regional tectonics in the Maritimes Basin, Atlantic Canada†
Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Basin Research © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers and International Association of Sedimentologists
How to Cite
Hayward, N., Dehler, S. A., Grant, A. C. and Durling, P. (2013), Magnetic anomalies associated with salt tectonism, deep structure and regional tectonics in the Maritimes Basin, Atlantic Canada. Basin Research. doi: 10.1111/bre.12029
Geological Survey of Canada Contribution 20110257.
- Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 16 APR 2013 09:39AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 APR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 22 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 17 NOV 2011
The structure and tectonic evolution of an evaporite basin are investigated in this case study, which combines the interpretation of magnetic data with the more commonly applied seismic reflection and gravity methods. The Maritimes Basin contains up to 18 km of Upper Palaeozoic sedimentary rocks resting on the basement of the Acadian orogeny. Carboniferous rocks are intensely deformed to the southeast of the Magdalen Islands as a result of deformation of evaporites of the Viséan Windsor Group. Short-wavelength (<5 km) magnetic lineations define NNE- and ENE-trending linear belts, coincident with the mapped pattern of salt structures. Magnetic models show that these lineations can be explained by the infill of subsidence troughs by high-susceptibility sediment and/or the presence of basaltic rocks, similar to those uplifted and exposed on the Magdalen Islands. Additional shallow, magnetic sources are interpreted to result from alteration mineralization in salt-impregnated, iron-rich sedimentary rocks, brecciated during salt mobilization. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of samples from the Pugwash mine confirm the presence of higher susceptibility carnallite-rich veins within salt units. Salt tectonism and basin development were influenced by the structure of the base group, the deepest regionally continuous seismic reflections (ca. 5–11 km), associated with an unconformity at the base of the Windsor Group, sampled at the Cap Rouge well. Salt structural evolution, formation of the magnetic lineations and geometry of the base group are associated with regional dextral transpression during basin development (late Carboniferous) and/or Alleghanian Orogeny (late Carboniferous to Permian). In this and similar studies, the effective use of magnetics is dependent upon the presence of rocks of high magnetic susceptibility in contrast to the low-susceptibility salt bodies. In the absence of high-susceptibility rocks, magnetic lows over the salt structures may be modelled, similar to commonly applied gravity techniques, to derive the internal structure and geometry.